What Causes Many College Students to Fail or Drop Out?

While there are a number of different methods for measuring intelligence, the standard and most widely accepted method is by measuring a person’s ‘intelligence quotient’ or IQ.

Education-Portal, “75 to 98 Percent of College Students Have Cheated.” Education-Portal.com. My instructor made me to it: Task characteristics of procrastination. Fall 2005. Reframing school dropout as a public health issue. Oct. Steven Mintz, ACLU Sues the State of California for Failing to Teach 20,000 Students English ,May 9, 2011. December 31, 2013.

Purdue University, “Choosing a Major, How to pick the right major and more,” “N.D.” Oct. 3 (Jul., 1990), pp. 2012. Sep 10 2015.

Obama’s Free College Proposal Could Be ‘Game-Changer’ For State’s Students by Kathleen Megane. 8, 2012. “Students Failing English Due to Twitter, Facebook,”socialmediatoday. This is a challenge for online students and environments. October 16, 2015. “Unplanned Pregnancy and Community Colleges.” NOVEMBER 2009. On-campus counseling centers are one resource, but students may also consult friends, family and personal physicians for hints on how to handle stress.” Help them find a way to deal with discouragement, obesity, thinking problem, health problems, perfectionism or fear of negative evaluation, lack of cognitive flexibility, language barrier, or laziness. (1995). According to JUSTIN KASTORY in his article titled The SOLUTIONS TO ACADEMIC PROBLEMS IN COLLEGE, “In college, the amount of homework to do is higher. 30, 2014. Cyber College Internet Campus. Friday. Box 6775, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2014/10/08/walsh-seeks-curb-number-off-campus-college-students-crack-down-rental-woes/HruxVxswP2aMQNTBUgV0PN/story.html

See. but they do not realize that it is a very difficult and long road academically. “Studies have shown that teens whose parents talk to them about alcohol and drugs are 42% less likely to use those substances than teens whose parents don’t discuss the issue with them” (Effects of Teenage Drinking in learn-about-alcoholism.com). “Why Studence Fail?” Youtube.com.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GjMJZbjExSl. White Time Business & Money: Nov. “For general behaviour, the teachers were asked to complete a Likert-type ranking for each child in their class” (Imbrosciano & Berlach). . Penn State’s Division of Undergraduate Studies. Malooly at the University of Miami. Wood, and Robert A. September 13, 2015. It requires a lot of skills or thinking skills. According to Katherine Mangan in a report released by the Center for Community College Student Engagement at the University of Texas here, “Admissions counselors and professors should focus on students’ assets, not their deficits, said Shaun R. “Choosing the “Wrong” Major,” Friday, April 8, 2011. 15. October 21. In the end, they found support for the latter two scenarios. For example, “The National Math and Science Initiative’s College Readiness Program offers students the opportunity to take college-level curriculum and earn college credit. BEYOND STUDENT PERCEPTIONS: ISSUES OF INTERACTION, PRESENCE, AND PERFORMANCE IN AN ONLINE COURSE that was conducted by Anthony G. January 29, 2014.

See: Jeri LaBahn in his article titled Education and Parental Involvement in Secondary Schools: Problems, Solutions, and Effect. August, 26 2012.

Sara Martinez Tucker in Getting More Low-Income Students into College Isn’t about Money, It’s About the Curriculum By Sara Martinez Tucker. Feb. “N.p” Feb. Miller and Coleen Murray” in Nacada.

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Psychology.wikia.com in Testwiseness: http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Testwiseness, “N.D”. “School-Wide Strategies for Managing… It’s just not worth sacrificing sleep to study!” Many of them are unmotivated , so they come to class late or do not attend class, which is negatively affecting their academic performances. May 21, 2012.

” U.S Students And Homework.” Cybercollege.com. “Sleep takes a back seat.” <em>conantcrier.com. McClenney said, colleges should extend programs like mandatory study-skills classes, learning communities, and tutoring to all students. The Independent Florida Alligator. “In California, for example, tuition and fees increased 91% at California State University and 74% at the University of California from 2006, according to a recent report by the nonprofit California Budget Project. Intelligent students or students fail sometimes because they cannot balance the way to think critically, creatively, and analytically (1).

Jeremy Olson in Bad habits can mean bad grades, University of Minnesota study. Springer publishing company. 1, pp. 11, 2014. “N.D” January 07, 2013.

See: Tania Jimenez and Ashley Tatem in their article titled The Relationship between being in a Committed Relationship and Academic Performance in College Females.

See Young, Scoot H in “Dealing with Frustration”http://www.scotthyoung.com/blog/2006/06/10/dealing-with-frustration/

Webmaster, The College Student with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) , July 15, 2005 in SAC, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee. 15. Todd R. 9, 2015. October 15, 2013.

Kelley Holland in the article titled College Students Consider Themselves Financially Savvy: Survey in NBC News. According to Ethan Yazzie-Mintz in the article titled Students Are Bored, Many Skip School, Lack Adult Support, “‘ Sixty-one percent said, ‘I didn’t like the teachers,’ and 60 percent said, ‘I didn’t see the value in the work I was being asked to do.’” Health problems cause them many troubles. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: FINDINGS FROM THE 1999 LIFESTYLES SURVEY by Patricia M. “Many students or graduated students do not know how to sift fact from opinion or make a clear written argument or objectively review conflicting reports of a situation or event, according to New York University sociologist Richard Arum, lead author of the study.” According to the article titled Why Intelligent Students Sometimes Failed by Wayne State University, in college, it requires more than memorizing. Johnson in The Graduate School of University of Wisconsin-Stout Menomonie, WI in May2011. November 27, 2013.

Why Students Drop Out of College by Diann Fisher in teachnologist.com. December. “A young black student at a Texas community college, identified only as James, told the interviewer in August 2009 that he was pumped up about college because he was ‘all about learning new things.’ In subsequent interviews over the next few months, however, his demeanor became more subdued, and by November, he was visibly slumping, his face partially obscured by his orange hoodie. In short, academic success is not governed by a student’s cognitive abilities alone. . In the near future, he wants to become a CPA. Olsen, University of South Carolina. C. Prof. According to the article titled Math, Science Popular Until Students Realize They’re Hard, “In a working paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research, researchers Ralph Stine brickner of Berea College and Todd R. “Professor’s Role in Motivating Students to Attend Class,” Journal of Industrial Teacher Education. Oct. Nicholas Freudenberg and Jessica Ruglis in the article titled Reframing School Dropout as a Public Health Issue.

Why Hispanic Students Drop Out of High School Early: Data from North Carolina by Elizabeth J. December 13, 2013.

Educationrealist, ” Homework and Grade.” Educationrealist.com. November 25, 2013.

Shepherd Hoodwin from Michael On Modes in The Perseverance Mode in michaelteachings.com. This is not a good reason to drop out. 02/20/2014.http://www.huffingtonpost.com/uloop/cheating-in-college-where_b_4826136.html.

Ernest W. In that study, the many reasons students provided for failing courses and colleges were grouped into seven main categories, including motivation (35%), study habits (17%), academic preparedness, (12%), external factors (11%), attitudes (11%), instruction (10%), and relevancy issues (4%)”( Abour H. 2012.

David R. Cherif, Gerald E. Low self-esteem, large classes, relationship problems, or laziness is negatively affecting many students. George Boeree.

Kanere. Maryellen Weimer uses about the study that is analyzed in his article : Ackerman, D. 2011.

Hall, Celia. This situation is compounded by the fact that some students lack self-responsibility and come to college classes with an attitude that they developed in high school, which means that attending is enough to get a passing grade in a given course. Randy Brown and Dr. Deciding to drop out is not life or death. “Helping Failing Students

Part 2: Understanding, Reaching, and Helping Passively Failing Students” January 2012. In May 2014, he graduated from Florida Atlantic University with a Bachelor of Science in Economics. 5, 2014.

Online College Student 2015 in New Data About Online College Students Available. 2007 December; 41(6 Suppl 1): S6-13. They say, “To succeed, students need to have good reasons for taking a given course and for being in school.

William Buskist and Christopher Howard. Lavoie, MA, M.Ed.

Alex Ondracek in the article titled Bad Sleeping Habits Affect Grades, Ability to Absorb Information in Class , Sep 6, 2012. Feichtinger at Pacific University at the School of Professional Psychology, “Lack of cognitive flexibility leads to dysfunctional problem solving actions that violate others’ rights.”

8 Big Mistakes Online Students Make By Kim Clark in US News in World Report, March 25, 2010. Vol. 15. Alcohol and Mental Health by Institute of Alchol Studies, IAS Factsheet.

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Study Says College Students Addicted to Technology, Oct. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunningin the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014, “Participants also indicated that some students lack the motivation and/or the interest, and thus they fail to invest the effort, time, and energy needed to complete college work. October 14, 2014.

BuSee. October 3, 2014.

Philstar in the article titled Fighting computer addiction in kids, November 28, 2010. Lu Yu in Internet addiction, which was edited by Donald W. How to Lear.com. With their Whole Lives Ahead of them: Myths and Realities about why so many Students Fail to Finish College. College Students’ Time Management: Correlations With Academic Performance and Stress by Therese Hoff Macan, Comila Shahani, Robert L. Tuesday, January 28, 2014.

Stinebrickner, T., & Stinebrickner, P. Harrison Jr.Best-Selling Parenting Author http://www.kidsinthehouse.com/video/what-causes-students-fail-or-drop-out-college

David L. “n.p.” Feb. (IQ Predicts Academic Achievement). 2012.

Taylor, Katy. 2012.

Barzegar, Majid .The Relationship between Goal Orientation and Academic Achievement- The Mediation Role of Self-Regulated Learning Strategies- A Path Analysis International Conference on Management, Humanity and Economics (ICMHE’2012) August 11-12, 2012 Phuket (Thailand). As stated in the article titled Schools Coping with Students Unprepared for College, “Academically unprepared or under-prepared students are more likely to drop out, a problem that carries heavy financial costs not only to the students but also to the public ” (News-Leader.com). “The Evolution of Cheating.” TVCCnewsjournal.com. Mond. Feb. 19. 15. 28, 2014. 2012.

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“Dr. http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2007/

oct/07_0063.htm.october 19, 2013.

How to Avoid Burnout in College by Linda Emma in Global Post, “N.D.” Feb 07, 2014.


See. With early detection, the right help and hard work students with dyslexia can and do learn successfully. July 21. Sara Rimm-Kaufman in her article titled Improving Students’ Relationships with Teachers to Provide Essential Supports for Learning, Positive relationships can also help a student develop socially In Amercian Psychological Association. January 5, 2014.


Roldens Paulynice was born in December 24, 1990 in Gonaives, Haiti. 2012.

Cost, financial aid becoming more important in college choice, Los Angeles Times By Carla Rivera. Web. By doing so, they ensure their own success and that their education meets their individual needs.” It can also be helpful if some colleges help students financially, and that can also help those colleges. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunning talk in the matter in the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014. Apr. Achieve. January 28, 2014.

See: The article titled The Role of Comprehensive School Health Education Programs in the Link between Health in Academic Performance: A literature review in the Health of Learning Project. For instance, only 14 percent of black students and 30 percent of Latinos meet ACT college-readiness standards in mathematics, while 53 percent of white students do. Mar. December 1, 2010. As Robert Morse and Diane Tolis show in the article titled Measuring Colleges’ Success Graduating Higher-Income Students , an analysis shows graduation rates of higher-income students compared with the entire student body in U.S News & World Report, “Measuring the success of college students at lower income levels is one key goal of the president’s proposed new college ratings system, to be developed by the U.S. March 10, 2014. October, 13 2013.

“Why Don’t Students Like School?” Well, Duhhhh… 17 Oct. The Fragile Teenage Brain by Jonah Lehrer in Grantland.

See: Richard J. May. Brody, 1997; Gustafsson & Undheim, 1996; Sattler, 2001). “Intelligence is a person’s capacity to acquire knowledge (i.e. According to Linda Emma ,”UC Berkeley counseling psychologist Rick Low says that burnout is often about imbalance and that signs of it can include ‘fatigue, anxiety, loss of motivation, withdrawal from people, a sense of powerlessness and the feeling of being overwhelmed.’ However, before students reach real burnout, they’re likely to suffer signs of stress — and that’s when they should get help. As a result, it is possibly hard to measure intelligence in general in an exclusive way. “The results have shown that there is a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. He goes on to show that health problems have relations with many elements that can cause students troubles in their academic performance; in addition to that, students can fail or drop out of school due to health problems (1 &2). Feb 03, 2014: http://www.dailytarheel.com/article/2014/02/college-students-face-mental-health-issues-nationwide.

See. “N.D” October12, 2013.

Fram, Allan & Tompson, Trevor. There are two main types of intelligences according to Hsin-Yi Cohen. 2012.

Why Students Drop Out: Perceptions of Educators, Parents, and Students by SEDL.

Malooly, Ashley M., “The Role of Affective Flexibility and Cognitive Flexibility in Effective Antecedent-Focused and Online Reappraisal” (2012). Jaffe, MS and Professor Drew Nelson. A Study of Time Management: The Correlation between Video Game Usage and Academic Performance Markers by Anand, Vivek

Survey: 17% of high schoolers drink, smoke, use drugs during school day by Carl Azuz, CNN, August 22nd, 2012 , November 26, 2013.

See. November 11. http://www.maastrichtuniversity.nl/web/Main/Sitewide/Content/FearOfFailure1.htm

What is Intelligence in Psychology Today.”N.D” 06, 17, 2014.

See. A December UI graduate, Bushby went from being a straight A student at the beginning of her undergraduate studies to not being able to get through classes. “College Dropouts Linked to Preparedness More Than Effort,” College Bound, An exploration of the Issues Affecting Access to Higher Education. 2012.

Juutinen, Sanna & Saariluoma, Pertti. October 15, 2013.

Connie Cass, Poll: College students get hard lessons in finance (USATODAY.com, 2011). January 9, 2014.

DiLallo, Emma, “Students Go to College but Not Go to Class. In addition to that relation, students with higher IQ score or with better academic performance can be more intelligent than those with lower IQ score. High-Tech Cheating Abounds, and Professors Bear Some Blame by Jeffrey R. December 7, 2013. Each point in this imaginary case is an individual’s scores on IQ and SAT combined. 2011, Vol. Helathnewstrack. 68 percent of teen alcohol-related deaths actually due to factors other than drunk driving, MADD reports by Amanda Woerner in Fox News.

See. According to Marsha A. F. Salient: Victoria University Students’ Paper. Harrison Jr. The Texas center’s report includes some of his findings and strategies for helping minority men succeed in college.” We can also help low-income students. “The Procrastination Problem,” SuccessConsciousness. 2011</em>

Jason Caravaggio in Effects of Overcrowded Classrooms, education space. The Role of Moral and Performance Character Strengths in Predicting Achievement and Conduct among Urban Middle School Students by Scott Seider of Boston University, Jennifer K. “Kevin Eagan, interim director of UCLA’s Cooperative Institutional Research Program says: The difficult financial decisions that students and their families have to make about college are becoming more evident. 15 Oct. They classified the schools in the followings ways: a government school in a lower SES area, a non-government/Catholic school in the same lower SES area, a government school in a higher SES area, and a non-government/Catholic school in the same higher SES area. March 13, 2014.


See. Their parents do not assist them that much, so they often experience a lot of problems. “Factors Militating Against Effective Teaching,” eHow. A Review of Literature Pertaining to Student Dropout from Instrumental Music Programs

See. 22. S. “Children’s Perseverance in School Activities” by Evelyn Trimborn, eHow Contributor. November 14, 2013.

See. Sep. “Data suggests that college students are getting lazy,” September 29, 2010. September 3, 2015.

See. 3 March 2014. Shek, Dr. 15. College dropout or failure rates may be decreased if most of those students persevere when they face challenges or take adequate hours of sleep. August 21, 2012.

See. Best-Selling Parenting Author in the article titled What Causes Students to Fail or Drop out of College. 3. August 20, 2012.

See. Campbell in Lawyer Journal, Masbar.

Many College Students Fear Going Hungry at Some Point: Survey by Robert Preidt in U.S news and world report, Jan. “Why Kids Drop Out of School.” “N.D.” Sept 20, 2012.

See: I Thought I Got an A! Overconfidence across the Economics Curriculum by Clifford Nowell and Richard M. How Cultural Differences May Affect Student Performance by Karen McGee, M.A.

Therresa Worthington in College Students Have Financial Aid Options in thespectrum.June 26, 2014. 2000. November 11. A normative goal is relative to the attainments of others, such as being the first one in class to finish an assignment.” Students do not have cognitive flexibility, or they spend less time studying due to the mentality that they understand the quantity of work required because they think that college is like high school as Dr. “Students across all races and genders cited many keys to success: building strong personal connections on the campus, being held to high expectations, having instructors who are committed to their achievement, and being intensively engaged in the academic experience, both in and out of the classroom,” according to Katherine Mangan in a report released by the Center for Community College Student Engagement at the University of Texas here. June 17, 2011. This ability enables you to handle social interactions and relationships better.” Chohen also illustrates many ways that we can measure intelligence. “Cognitive flexibility is defined as the ability to generate and shift response based on the changing demands of different situations,” according to the article titled The Role of Affective Flexibility and Cognitive Flexibility in Effective Antecedent-Focused and Online Reappraisal by Ashley M. 3/04/2014. Also, research shows that when schools make an effort to support pregnant girls in their education, they can have a significant impact in lowering their drop-out rates,” according to Linda Mangel, Education Equity Director, in her article titled Teen Pregnancy, Discrimination, and the Dropout Rate in ACLU. October 19, 2013.

See. Volume 42, Number 3. 39, No. Williams and S. “The Effect of Sleep Deprivation.” Uloop.com. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. 1, 2006. March. ” Lack of discipline, discouragement, perfectionism or fear of negative evaluation, burnout, violence, obesity, discrimination, loneliness, overconfidence, thinking problem, or college cost causes them troubles. and Gross, B. As Wayne State University shows in the article titled Why Intelligent Students Sometimes Failed, college students fail sometimes because they have an “inability to apply concepts to different situations.” As a matter of fact, not only can college students fail sometimes because they have this type of inability, but students who lack this type of ability or this type of flexibility can also face another problem. <em>Education Research Complete</em>. Communication skill training significantly enhanced the emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. King, Phillip K. Oct 16, 2015. Sep 10 2015. 1966.

Online Services,” oclc.org. October 09, 2013.

NCSET, Part I: What Do We Know About Dropout Prevention? , What Do We Know About Who Drops Out and Why?, Who Drops Out of School? “ND” November 29, 2013.

Carole Murphy in Use of social media sites linked to lower GPA in statepress, November 30, 2011.December 14, 2013.

Neal Thakkar: Why Procrastinate: An Investigation of the Root Causes behind Procrastination. (2007). March 10, 2014.

J. Stine brickner of the University of Western Ontario interviewed 655 students during many semesters. The World Largest Network of Learning Disabilities and ADHD. Harrison Jr., Best-Selling Parenting Author, shows in the article titled What Causes Students to Fail or Drop out of College by stating that “no matter what students’ grades were in High School, they didn’t to AP or college level courses, they are simply not prepared for the onslaught of homework they will receive in college”. Ahmet Adal?er Cyprus International University, Faculty of Education, Nicosia, North Cyprus, aadalier@ciu.edu.tr Emre Balkan Cyprus International University, Faculty of Education, Nicosia, North Cyprus, December 13, 2013.

Academic unpreparedness or under-preparedness causes college students troubles. A few of them are unenforced rules, lack of communication, teacher-student relationship, lack of leadership, lack of motivation, and bad habit.”

See. Shragge,

Kyle Chayka , Congratulations! Science Confirms That Post-Breakup Revenge Sex Is a Real Phenomenon, Time New Feed, Jan. According to Marsha A. “n.d.” May 21, 2012.

Philip Zimbardo :The demise of guys (2011)(JANE72427 in Youtube) :

Thursday, May 8, 2014, the Daily Carliforninian. Breus, PhD that was reviewed by Stuart J. Oct. That causes them to fail. As the University of Florida, CWC, Counselling & Wellness Center states in the article titled Stress and College Students, “There are four primary sources of stress: the environment- examples include noise, pollution, traffic and crowding, and the weather, physiological – examples include illness, injuries, hormonal fluctuations, and inadequate sleep or nutrition, thoughts – examples include the way students think affects how they respond, negative self-talk, catastrophizing, and perfectionism all contribute to increased stress, and social Stressors – examples include financial problems, work demands, social events, and losing a loved one. 17 Oct. October 19, 2013.

Grove, Jack in Students’ mental health problems highlighted in times highereducation.co.uk , 20 May 2013.

See.The 2009 CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Survey in In Defense of Schools: It’s a Fact Healthy Students are Successful Students by RMC health. 11 Facts About Teens And Alcohol in Do something.

i, Khanh Van T. As Dale Schunk says, “The process goal promoted self-efficacy and achievement the best. ‘A somewhat surprising outcome was students’ views of online education, which has been an increasing focus of efforts to save costs.” (Rivera). EBSCO. Communication skills training program has been conducted for the test group in 1-5 hours 8 sessions and post-test is done on both groups after training. Massachusetts Department of Education. 2007 July; 4(3): A72. Pfaff, Laboratory of Neurobiology and Behavior, New York, USA, in springerreference, “N.D” December 13, 2013.

Jessica Pieklo in the article titled Pregnant Students Left Behind As School Starts, September 2, 2012. The Chronicle of Higher Education. “The Complexity of the Relation between Fear of Failure and Procrastination,” Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012. L. “The economist Mark Schneider refers to colleges with such dropout rates as ‘failure factories’, and they are the norm” (Leonhardt). However, inadequate sleep or sleep deprivation is a reason of poor academic performance or negatively impacts their academic performance. Learning is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration . 31, 2014. Open Access Theses. September 14, 2015: http://nypost.com/2015/09/13/why-do-college-kids-have-so-much-time-to-smoke-pot/.

Google Dictionary. 03, 2014.

Etsaia shows in the article titled “Internet Banging” – Co-opting Social Media for Gang-Related Violent Activities in Michigan Young violence prevention, March 13, 2013. 2011. As it is stated in the article titled Why Some College Students May Not Be Getting Enough to Eat by Alexandra Sifferlin,”‘Sixty two percent students reported they couldn’t afford balanced meals,’ says lead study author Megan Patton-Lopez, an epidemiologist at Benton County Health Services in Oregon. In May 8, 2012, he graduated from Palm Beach State College with an Associate in Arts Degree. Some of them are caught cheating , so they automatically fail the whole course. November 18, 2011. Sun, and Dr. October 13, 2013.

RAMPELL , CATHERINE: Many With New College Degree Find the Job Market Humbling, May 18, 2011 in The New York times. 09, 2013.

Why do students drop out of school? Video taking from Youtube jazz89KUVOhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g201v1-WHhs

Ravenscraft in Why Confidence Is So Important (and How to Improve Yours),10/08/2013. Stress among college students can come from more than one sources. Since cultural ideas may influence the prevalence of cheating, the best long-term solution may be to take a societal approach. “N.D” December 07, 2013.

Foxprovidence. 08, 2014.

See. February. 27, 2013. “Overcoming Laziness.” ” N.D” August 21, 2012.

See: The article titled College Campus Violence in Youth violence project by curry school of education: http://curry.virginia.edu/research/projects/violence-in-schools/college-campus-violence.

Susan D. According to the Theses, Dissertations, and Capstone Projects titled Cognitive Flexibility In A Forensic Population by Deborah M. They have to work in order to provide or to support themselves; as a result, it is often hard for them to work and to study at the same time. Only the best, May 12, 2009. Morrison and Merith A. August 21, 2012.

Patricia M. August 21, 2012.

Farooqi, Saif. He indicates, “Researchers asked about the aspects of intelligence felt that factors like problem-solving ability, mental speed, general knowledge, creativity, abstract thinking, and memory all played important roles in the measure and standard of intelligence. July 21. According to Jack Grove in the article titled Students’ Mental Health Problems Highlighted, “Research by the National Union of Students also found that 20 percent of students consider themselves to have a mental health problem. Public Agenda for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, December 2009.” August 22, 2012.

The Free Dictionnary by Farlex: Intelligence Discipline. ‘The quality of their diet is being impacted. 06. “University Life of Non-Traditional Students: Engagement Styles and Impact on Attrition.” <em>Journal of Higher Education</em> 82.1 (2011): 33-53. Dipboye, Amanda Peek Phillips

Doris M. “N.D” October 30, 2013.

Go College , “Top 11 Reasons Why Students Drop out of College,” Friday, Nov. March 10, 2014.

Student Safety Net Home in pleasval in Personal Responsibility (for Students): http://www.pleasval.k12.ia.us/studyskills/studentpersonalresponsibility.htm, December 07, 2013.

Rebecca, The California Aggie.” <em>theaggie.org. The Impact of tardiness on school success by Stacy Zeiger.

Do Students Really Need Practice Homework? By Alfie Kohn: From Chapter 6 of The Homework Myth (Da Capo Press, 2006) Copyright © 2006 by Alfie Kohn. ” College Students Stressed By War.” Usa.today.com. Leung, M.D. Teens, Sleep and School by Gisele Glosser in Mathgoodies

Top 6 Reasons Adult College Students Drop Out by David Schepp, Aug 13th 2012. 06. “Depression and Anxiety among College Students,” Psych Central. 2011.

See: Sandra Lilley in the article titled New Report Looks at Nation’s Undocumented College Students.

Dr. Letham, Susan. Pychyl. Kent Butler. “First -Generation College Students Are More Likely to Have Lower Semester Grade.” Fayettevill State University. Academic Search Complete. October 20, 2013.

Smith, William H. 2011 January; 40(1): 123-135. About one-quarter of incoming students to these institutions are fully prepared for college-level studies. McKinney, and Kristoffer Rhoads and the University of Western Washington.

Many students go to college with the hope of giving themselves the skill that they need but often fail or drop out not entirely only because they are unprepared to attend college academically but for many reasons. In fact, it has divided the scientific community for decades and controversies still rage over its exact definition and form of measurement,” according to Hsin-Yi Cohen, BSc, MA, Mst. Alcohol poisoning by Mayo Clinic Staff.

Cheating in College: Where It Happens, Why Students Do It and How to Stop It by Bryce Buchmann, Texas A&M, 02/20/2014. Remember, you can’t get the time back you spend doing something that’s not worth it.” For a particular type of reason, many college graduates may not find job after graduation. Modern Parenting Tips: Styles & Approach in Disciplining & Training Children. Laura P. A correlation of >.50 is considered a moderate to strong link. Volume 4 Number 2.

“The student may also engage in competing behaviors, display rigidity in thoughts and actions, show a strong desire to control the environment, engage in repetitive/stereotypical behaviors, display inflexible thinking, not learning from past mistakes, not asking for help with a problem, or not asking a peer or adult for needed materials, continue to engage in an ineffective behavior rather than thinking of alternatives, or be unable to focus on group goals when he is a member of the group,” according to the article titled Aspergers Checklist: Cognitive Issues.

The Real Reasons Children Drop Out of School by Franklin Schargel , Former Teacher, School Counselor and School Administrator

Dennis Romero, More Students Are Choosing Colleges by Price, UCLA Says, Wed, Mar 12, 2014. learn and understand), apply knowledge (solve problems), and engage in abstract reasoning. Based on a series of tests which assess various types of abilities, such a mathematical, spatial, verbal, logic, and memory, the results from such tests done on a group that is representative of the wider popular shows the classic ‘bell-shape’ distribution, meaning that most people are of average intelligence with a few at the extreme ends of the scale…”(Cohen). 16 Oct. 2011.

Cheers! Students who binge drink are happier with university life, claims study,News, by By Agency staff. Stine brickner of the University of Western Ontario say that college students are fleeing from math, physics, chemistry and the like after dipping into some classes,”( Safdar). Results confirm that there is pronounced variation within the general population relating to ASD traits, which reflect similar (though less severe) social-cognitive and emotional features to those observed in ASDs” (ElifGökçen, Konstantinos V. C. In addition to that, Carla Rivera indicates in the article titled Cost, Financial Aid Becoming More Important in College Choice that “the responses may indicate a ‘disconnect’ between students’ expectations and the drive to integrate more Massive Open Online Courses — or MOOCs — and other online technologies.” They choose hard programs, they are not that much or are not strategically prepared for taking their test in college, or they come from low-income families. The New York Times, 8 Sept. Handler, M.D. Feb. They are depressed. According to Richard Millsap in his article titled Why Do Some Students Succeed And Others Fail to Achieve Desired Class Grades, And Academic Goals & Objectives, students fail sometimes because they are not that much intelligent or are undisciplined. Mines in the article titled Critical Thinking Among College and Graduate Students, “John Dewey (1933) argued that reflective thinking, the careful collection and evaluation of evidence leading to a conclusion, should be a central aim of education”(167-168).

Robert Leamnson , Getting Students to Read, Thinking about Teaching and Learning: Developing Habits of Learning with First Year College and University Students (p. Web. November 14, 2013.

The Key Reasons Why People Fail Online Education by Amelia Turner.

Quentin Fottrell, This Is the Biggest Challenge Facing First-year College Students. http://www.laweekly.com/informer/2014/03/12/more-students-are-choosing-colleges-by-price-ucla-says.

The Real Reason New College Grads Can’t Get Hired By Martha C. Therese Hoff Macan, Comila Shahani, Robert L. 07, 2013

Shragge, Rebecca, ” The California Aggie.” Aggie.org. Help minority students.”Instead of offering small, ’boutique’ programs for minority students that attract just a few dozen students, Ms. 2008. But only 5 percent of black men and Latinos attending community colleges earn degrees or certificates within three years, compared with 32 percent of white men.”

Mohamad Sabir. 2012.

Why Do College Students Smoke? , Ressources: Resources http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/preventing-youth-tobacco-use/factsheet.html May16,2013 from http://www.honestcollege.com/college-students-smoke.

Students do not do well or drop out of college because the program that they choose is difficult. A study consisted of 610 Schools. As a result, most of those students have trouble staying awake in class. Working together, parents, in partnership with members of the medical and educational communities, can formulate and oversee a prescription for their success.” Students have to attend class.”That’s the easiest way to graduate, is to go to class,” according to Harry H. 54% said worries about exams had causes mental distress while a quarter of students said finding a part-time job had caused them anguish. Sunday. Ponzetti, Jr. June 17, 2014.

See. October 13, 2014.

Frustration In Teens by R.A. 24. 15. February 7, 2014.

College students face mental health issues nationwide by Hayley Fowler, Feb 03, 2014. “What is at the Root of Poor Primary School Performance?” Volume 1, Issue 4-5 / March-April 2009.

Krista Ramsey and Cliff Peale, USA TODAY, “First-generation college students stay the course.” Mars 29, 2010. Students with higher IQ scores do better on standardized achievement tests, have higher school grades, and complete more years of education.”Treena Rohde and Lee Anne Thompson show in their study: “While the link between crystallized intelligence and SAT combined scores is obviously very striking, crystallized intelligence is not significantly linked to GPA. She went on to show that “pregnancy is the #1 reason girls drop out of school.” Some teachers should assume responsibility and be good. “Five Misconceptions about Learning Disabilities,” PS News Hours. 19. 2011. 2004. ‘We’re seeing increasing numbers of students designated as low-income and it had to do with the growing inequality of wealth and income in the U.S., with increasing numbers of young people living in poverty,’ said David Dowell, Cal State Long Beach’s interim provost”(Rivera). May. 19. He is currently attending Nova Southestern University, pursuing his doctorate in education management leadership, and he is currently holding teaching position with The School District of Palm Beach County. “The report, ‘Rape and Sexual Assault: A Renewed Call to Action,’ says rape’s prevalence is highest at college, fueled by drinking and drug use that can incapacitate victims. “N.P” “n.d.” Monday. “20 Percent of College Students Don’t Complete Homework.” Idnews.com ” N.p.” June 29. ” Low self-esteem affects college students, ” The University Star. Web. “N.D” January 1, 2014.

Police: Alcohol a Factor in College Student’s Death in Pittman Center by WBIR Staff , October 14, 2014. 17, 2012.

See: ADHD & Failing in School by Sandra L. Mental illness on college campuses has regained national attention after a University of Pennsylvania freshman committed suicide in January after struggling with the stress of classes and playing a varsity sport, her father told reporters,” according to Hayley Fowler in the article titled College Students Face Mental Health Issues Nationwide.

Mental health problems or health problems in general cause many students troubles. Obama is giving the task force of administration officials 90 days to come up with recommendations for colleges to prevent and respond to sexual assault, increase public awareness of each school’s track record and enhance coordination among federal agencies to hold schools accountable if they don’t confront the problem”( THE ASSOCIATED PRESS). September 2, 2009 by Peter Gray in Freedom to Learn. December, 8, 2013.

Should college students get married? “N.D” January 11, 2014. As it is stated, “The present research first investigated the relationship of autism traits with trait emotional intelligence and empathy in a sample of 163 adults aged between 18 and 51 years (44% male). “The Homework Experience: Perceptions Of Low-Income Youth.” Journal Of Advanced Academics 22.2 (2011): 250-278. Sept. “N.D” June 17, 2014.

Heavy Alcohol Consumption Linked With Worsening PTSD Symptoms Among College Students in huffingtonpost.com , 01/17/2014. According to Eric Horowitz, “The Stinebrickners looked at three ways grades can impact dropout: 1) Students want to stay in school but are forced out by their poor performance, 2) poor grades lower expectations about future academic performance and future earnings, and 3) bad grades make school less enjoyable. Copyright © 2007 Heldref Publications. Anderson, Demand Media in Global Post. Education programs with the GE Foundation. Available: http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR5-3/mcdermott.html

According to the article titled Aspergers Checklist: Cognitive Issues in myaspergerschild.com, a student who lacks cognitive flexibility can experience the followings problems: “difficulty with organizational skills, sequencing, task initiation,incorporating new information with previously acquired information, transitions, task completion, or direction following or difficulty when novel material is presented without visual support.”

Ashburn, Elyse.<em>THE CHRONICLE of Higher Education</em>.. Student Affairs at Illinois © 2007 by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. “N.p.” December 9, 2009. Thus he believes that standard IQ tests and psychometric tests focus on certain components, such as logical and linguistic, while completely ignoring other components which may be equally important.” Cohen argues that intelligence has more than one aspects. October 17, 2013.

Demolistic, “Top Reasons Students Fail.” “N.D” Aug. 28, 2007. Dr. December 10, 2013.

Survey: Majority of college students elect not to buy new textbooks by DAVID KRECHEVSKY in REPUBLICAN-AMERICAN, Tuesday, January 28, 2014. 2011.

Academically Adrift: Limited Learning on College Campuses By Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011, Thought College Students Lack Critical Thinking Skills, But Who’s To Blame? Oct. 30.

US NEWS, Freshman Retention Rate, National Universities from fall 2008 to fall 2011. August. “NP” “November 2, 2011. http://everydaylife.globalpost.com/frustration-teens-6775.html “N.D” January 12, 2014.

Day, Emily. June 28, 2014.

“Intelligence is a term that is difficult to define, and it can mean many different things to different people. Febrary 24, 2012. “N.D” 6/17/ 2014.

Learning Disabilities,” PS News Hours. October 13, 2013.

A study titled Academic Burnout Among Students at Faculty of Organizational Sciences by Management Journal for Theory and Practice Management that was conducted by Ana Nikodijevi?, Jelena An?elkovi? Labrovi?, Aleksandar ?okovi? at the University of Belgrade, Faculty of Organizational Sciences. November 17, 2013.

See. It then examined performance on a set of tasks assessing social cognition and cognitive flexibility in 69 participants with either high or low scores on ASD traits. Top 3 Reasons to Have Family Dinner (and tips to help you do it!) by suzukistacy in The Young Both-Young Services.

See: Katherine Long in the article titled Community Colleges Work to Lower Failure Rate in Online Courses in Seattle Times, May 4, 2015. Colleges that can reduce net costs to families are gaining more of an edge in attracting students to their campus. their openness to online courses changes as they understand the greater flexibility offered. Web. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 January 1. Hispanic students were 83% more likely to graduate,” according to Sara Martinez Tucker. “N.p.” “n.d.” “n.pag.” 15 Oct. August 21, 2012.

Students’ Intelligence can be measured by IQ score.”The impact of IQ level on educational achievement can be understood in terms of a useful statistic called a correlation (r) -a measure from 0 to 1.0 of the ‘link’ or strength of a relationship between two variables – e.g. <em>Academic Search Complete</em>. She said she spent the majority of her college days in her room unable to leave because she couldn’t stop crying because of depression” (Moustafa and Linh Ta). ” Students With depression likely to dropout of college.” Healthnewstrack.com. 2009. 09/29/2014. Jaffe and Professor Drew Nelson , “Academic Cheating Fact Sheet” in stanford.edu

Serena Golden in low-Income Students and the Perpetuation of Inequality’ in Inside Higher ED. 15. Published online 2012 July 15. November 14, 2013.

The book, Nursing student’s retention, Understanding the process and making a difference by Marianne R. “N.P” Feb. Learning disabilities, poor or bad study habit, smoking, lack of perseverance, or stress or anxiety causes them troubles. In addition to that, as Diann Fisher shows in his article titled Why Students Drop Out of College, students enter college but end up to not do well or drop out for many reasons, and one of those reasons is that “they find that the academic program is too hard.”


Cook, Barbara. 5). If the time you’re spending in lecture halls is better spent working on your startup idea or apprenticing with a pro, it’s time to drop out. “Action on Dropout” “N.D” Sept. Mines mention, “Recent national reports on the quality of post-secondary education in the United States have affirmed the centrality of teaching critical thinking skills to college students (National Institute of Education 1984; Association of American Colleges 1985; Garrison 1984), yet the empirical evidence documenting progress toward this objective among undergraduate college students is minimal, and among graduate students, is virtually nonexistent”(167-168).

See. Hartford Education…..http://www.courant.com/education/hc-connecticut-obama-community-college-proposal-20150111-story.html.

University of Florida, CWC, Counselling & Wellness Center in Stress and College Students, “N.D” Feb. 16. 2011.

Blai, Boris, Jr. January 5, 2011. While some of those students may choose to attend other four-year schools or community colleges because of costs, ‘We will get a fair number of students who can’t afford UC,’ Dowell said,” (Rivera). All rights reserved, December 09, 2013.

“Data strongly suggest that if you can improve your fluid intelligence by40% or more, the effect will translate directly into higher SAT scores,” according to Treena Rohde and Lee Anne Thompson.

Brigh Hub. Students need to be motivated to want to learn and work hard at it to make faster gains and learn better than those who are bright but less motivated (Blue 2012). May 15, 2012.

Guirol. Department of Education and available before the 2015 school year. George BoereeShippensburg University by Copyright 2003, C. “Responsibilities of a Teacher,” Buzzle teaching jobs. Web. Students may take online classes due to certain circumstances.” ‘Online is not played up in what students see in films and television, where they see a more traditional college campus with faculty and students face-to-face,’” Eagan said. The premise is that there is no better way to find out than to ask the students directly if something has helped and encouraged them to learn and succeed or held them back and discouraged them from learning (Bain 2004). Indeed, the performance of participants scoring high on Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices test was less impaired by a mismatch between the stimulus-response relation in the current and the previous trial.” The study substantiates that the more intelligent that someone is is the more flexible that he or she is cognitively. October 30, 2013.

See. 07, 2014.

See: Lynn O’Shaughnessy, “25 colleges with the worst professors” in CBS news.com. 2012.

Why Do Foundation Year Students Fail to Attend Their Classes? © 2007 Manchester Metropolitan University , January 25, 2014: http://www.celt.mmu.ac.uk/ltia/issue14/hughes.php.

Beyond the Rhetoric Improving College Readiness Through Coherent State Policy in higher education.org, “N.D”. Army Medical Department Journal</em> (2010): 65-72. We can also look at to help these students choose appropriate majors or majors that would match them. January 28, 2014.

Hawley,Kristen. Knowing a person’s IQ with a correlation this strong would strongly predict how they will do on their SATs. Family Relations , Vol. December 6, 2013.

See. August 20, 2012.

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN in Loneliness, Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign | 610 E John St | 217 333 3704 | RSS Feed Connect. He mentions, “One alternate type of intelligence often mentioned in popular media is ‘emotional intelligence’, developed by Daniel Goleman and several other researchers. Spring 2007. “Short Term Effects of Bad Eating Habits” by August McLaughlin, Demand Media. ” Causes of Failure in College,” “N.D” Oct. Like Gardener, he also believes that traditional intelligence tests only focus one aspect – analytical – and does not address the necessary balance from the other two aspects.” Chohen goes on to indicate that there is another type of intelligence, but it is not a main one but is alternative because the two paramount ones are multiple intelligence and single intelligence. Health and Learning Project. Vedder hopes that this will ‘eliminate some of the unnecessary graduation requirements that serve as a barrier to graduation.’ With the proper incentives in place, meaning a performance-based funding model, we would not see these barriers to mobility, and fewer students would be closed out of classes.’” Students have to involve in social activities, and faculties or staff members have to try to create those activities in the academic environment. Why urban parents resist involvement in their children’s elementary education [61 paragraphs]. “The dropouts in the study of Amy M. Fortunately, in February 2009, he had the chance to come to the United States, attended Glade Central High School, and graduated in May 2010 . The report goes to show according to Katherine Mangan that “for example, 39 percent of the black men with C-minus averages said they never cut classes, compared with 31 percent of Latinos and 24 percent of white men. May. “N.p.” December 9, 2009. Students have to comunicate with their instructors when they struggle; their professors can understand them because “they are people” as Nicole Eisenberg shows on College Magazines. October 14, 2014.

Jeff Grabmeier in College students say prescription stimulants easy to find on campus. http://www.ohiolegalservices.org/public/legal_problem/students-schools/discipline-suspension-or-expulsion/qandact_view

Dwyer, Liz. 2012.

Linda Mangel, Education Equity Director, in her article titled Teen Pregnancy, Discrimination, and the Dropout Rate in ACLU, Oct 25, 2010. That will help a lot. http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/technology-science/science/students-who-binge-drink-are-happier-1271144

The Relationship of Fear of Negative Evaluation and Perfectionism in College Students by Wayne Stephan, Amber Stephan, & Rosealee Palmer of Huntington University.

See: Recent college grads face 36% ‘mal-employment’ rate by Tami Luhby, June 25, 2013. ” First-Year College Students Often Fail as Life Intervenes.” Post-gazette.com. http://www.alfiekohn.org/teaching/practice.htm

See. ” Why the Dropout Rate so High?” Youthvoice.net. Oct. Elizabeth Wistrom &ccrzadkiewicz. Oct. August 21, 2012.

MotivotionalWellBeing. The report draws heavily on the research of Claude M. 74% experience feelings of mental distress once a month or more, and 1/3 suffered mental distress every week.” In the article titled The Role of Comprehensive School Health Education Programs in the Link between Health in Academic Performance: A literature review in the Health of Learning Project, the author indicates that the American School Health Association and the United States Department of Health and Human Services shows in 1998 that health problems can cause students to have trouble learning and concentrating in school; many studies demonstrate that health problems cause students to engage in risky activities, causing them to have memory problems or to pay attention little or not pay attention in class(1). If we all do that, it is conceivable or possible that there will be a decrease in college dropout and failure rates.”A lot of people think college is hard and then think about quitting and doing something else because they do not think they can cut it. Meyers, MD in WebMD Feature. (1976): 46-47, 4/15/2014.

See. The Top Five Reasons Why Students Fail To Succeed In School. According to the article titled Intelligence And Cognitive Flexibility: Fluid Intelligence Correlates with Feature “Unbinding” Across Perception And Action by Colzato LS1, van Wouwe NC, Lavender TJ,and Hommel B, “People integrate the features of perceived events and of action plans, as well as of episodic stimulus-response relations, into event files. “Although black and Latino male students enter community colleges with higher aspirations than those of their white peers, white men are six times as likely to graduate in three years with a certificate or degree. Findings from a national survey conducted in 2005. “N.D” October 30, 2013.

Ohio legal services Students & Schools : School Discipline – Suspension and Expulsion, “ND” December 30, 2013. They face troubles due to online classes. They may also involve in over-committed extracurricular activities.” Help students dealing with large classes, relationship issues, fear of failure or frustration, lack of discipline, lack of intelligence, discrimination, low self-esteem, or burnout. Rachel C.

5 reasons why students cheat in school by Jayme Gillen in examiner, Life Education & Schools General Education, November 22, 2012. Dipboye, Amanda Peek Phillips in their article titled College Students’ Time Management: Correlations With Academic Performance and Stress.

See. Mar. 2012.


See. Monday.12.

Time Management for College Students by VGCC “N.D” December 10, 2013.

See: Oona Goodin-Smith, Oakland University and Daniel Rader, Ohio University of the article titled Students Break the Bank to Buy Their Books.

BookRags, Most Common Bad Study Habits. African-American students in the program were 69% more likely to graduate from a four-year college than African-Americans not participating in the program. Department of Education, and CEO and President of the Hispanic Scholarship Fund shows in Getting More Low-Income Students into College Isn’t about Money, It’s About the Curriculum By Sara Martinez Tucker that “we need to set aggressive performance goals for schools, teachers and students, create higher expectations for success, and open up rigorous classes to every student. “n.d” May. 2012.

Khadeeja Safdar, Math, Science Popular Until Students Realize They’re Hard in Real time Economics, July 8, 2013. 2nd ed. Being a writer is something that he has a certain zeal to become in his life, but right now, he is trying, hoping to become a famous one one day. A correlation of r > .70 is considered very strong. 2012. December 13, 2013.

See. List came from RateMyProfessor data gathered by the Center for College Affordability and Productivity. Their teachers are better trained and have more resources in the classroom. Paper 344.

Patricia M. 25. 8, 2014.

See. Lethbridge Undergraduate Research Journal. 2009. Volume 25–July 1997. October 31, 2013.

“Faculty respondents said students are not aware of the rigors of their chosen discipline. ” Appreciative Advising and First-Generation College Students.” Psu.edu. As Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall shows in the article titled IQ and School Achievement, “Modern intelligence tests have been designed with Binet’s original purpose in mind: to predict how well individual students are likely to perform in the classroom and similar situations. 2011.

“The bulk of attrition comes in engineering and among pre-med majors, who typically leave STEM fields if their hopes for medical school fade. 2012.

Levine, Judith R. National Education or scientist.

“‘The issue is not only that these students are not capable of doing college-level work,’the report says. ” N.D” December 07, 2013.

Lynn O’Shaughnessy ,Top 25 State Universities for Graduating on Time, January 31, 2011, CBSNEWS from the federal education database known as IPEDS . As Hsin-Yi Cohen, BSc, MA, Mst states, “Like the definitions of intelligence, the measurement of intelligence is dogged by controversy and disagreement. Pychyl , Fear of Failure in psychology today , February 13, 2009. Obesity on Campus by Phillip B Sparling, EdD, Professor of Applied Physiology,Prev Chronic Dis. The recent study by Treena Rohde and Lee Anne Thompson shows a correlation. Web. Maria Chairez, “Why Do Youth Drop out? ” “U.S. Web. “N,D.” August 20, 2012.

Adams, Caralee. 2008. Sept 20, 2012.

Dr. 2012. “Frank Durham, associate professor of journalism and mass communication at the UI, said depression is difficult to spot in the college setting unless a student personally expresses his or her distress to the instructor,” according to Moustafa and Linh Ta.”Alexandra Bushby, 23, also didn’t tell others. Students Are Different Now by Linda Bips, a psychologist and an assistant professor at Muhlenberg College and the author of “Parenting College Freshmen: Consulting for Adulthood.” October 11, 2010. “The AUIS Revolution,” April 4, 2012.. “The survey results also showed that the students who dropped out do so because they found out that their majors required them to do more work than other majors. Spearman coined the term ‘General Intelligence’ or ‘g’ which was based on measure of people’s performance across a variety of mental tests”(Cohen). 2011.

Lynn O’Shaughnessy, 25 Universities With the Worst Graduation Rates, February 2, 2011, CBSNEWS from the federal education database known as IPEDS . Underage drinking and sexual assaults By Richard P. Oct. Oct 16, 2015. – See more at: http://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/instructional-design/why-students-procrastinate-and-what-you-can-do-about-it/#sthash.0ebcNJ9f.dpuf

See. Department of Health and Human Services,Fact Sheet: Education

Intelligence and IQ , Dr. 2006. April 2, 2009. American Academic-Volume Three. “College Students Texting During Class, Students Say Professors Would Be Shocked at the Number of Texts Sent During Class ,”Dec 3 2010 . For example, “At Cal State Long Beach, the percentage of undergraduates receiving federal Pell grants for low-income students increased to nearly 50% last fall, fall 2013, compared to 36% in 2009. Rajasvaran Logeswaran, an experienced educator and Dean at Nilai University, and Sarah Michel, a certified speaking professional (CSB) and a networking expert who helps people increase their network by investing in their network , especially the section titled A Wake up Call for Young People. USA. “Emotional obstacles for e-learning – a user psychological analysis,” UROLD. Boston Offers a Plan to Help Colleges Add Dorms, The Boston Globe, October 09, 2014. Frederick in Note Taking Will Make You a Better Student.

See: 11 Facts About Education and Poverty in America in Dosomething, “N.D”, November 12, 2013.

Texas College Rejects Nigerian Applicants, Cites Ebola Cases by Dan Mangan, October 14, 2014. Aug. Effects and Consequences of Underage Drinking by Melodee Hanes, Acting Administrator in U.S. Feb. February 05, 2014.

According to the article titled Discipline And Causes of Indiscipline by Mohammed Rhalmi, “There are many causes of indiscipline in school. January 28, 2014.

Cass, Connie. 2012.

Obesity on Campus by Phillip B Sparling, EdD, Professor of Applied Physiologycorresponding author in ncbi, Public Health Research, Practice, And Policy. Faculty Working Papers from the School of Education. They found that many students who majored in math, physics, and chemistry drop out in their disciplines. May.16, 2012.


IJGE: International Journal of Global Education – 2012, volume 1 issue 2: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNET ADDICTION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS: Asst. January 17, 2014.

See: Shabbir Ahmad Rana Rukhsana Kausar in Comparison of Study Habits and Academic Performance of Pakistani British and White British Students.

See. A correlation of r = 0 means there is no link. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2009 June 30. Low-income students six times more likely to drop out of high school By Khara Sikhan, april 10, 2013. Drinking or drug causes many of them or many who are underage many troubles. May 21, 2012.

Even if all students are intelligent or have cognitive flexibility, other problems may stand up. Mond. ” October 14, 2013.

Obama seeking to help poor students, but policies favor the rich: opinion, By Jon Marcus, The Hechinger Report @CNNMoney January 17, 2014. 7, 2013.

See. Abour H. “Schools Coping With Students Unprepared for College” by Didi Tang In News-Leader. September 28, 2012.

See: The Causes of Poverty (15): Gender Discrimination in filipspagnoli.wordpress, October 20, 2013.

J. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunningin the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission). Experience shows that these additional eligibility requirements still leave about half of incoming freshmen under-prepared for college,” according to the article titled Beyond the Rhetoric Improving College Readiness Through Coherent State Policy in higher education.org.

Peter Blizard in Causes Student Failure — Why Do Students Fail University Courses. On the majority of modern IQ tests, the average (or mean) score is set at 100 with a standard deviation of 15 so that scores conform to a normal distribution curve. January 5, 2014.

Intelligence and cognitive flexibility: fluid intelligence correlates with feature “unbinding” across perception and action by Colzato LS1, van Wouwe NC, Lavender TJ, Hommel B. Mars 13, 2012. “Why do Students Drop Out of College?” Feb. </em>The crier, ” n.d” 31 Oct. “An unprecedented study that followed several thousand undergraduates through four years of college found that large numbers did not learn the critical thinking, complex reasoning and written communication skills that are widely assumed to be at the core of a college education,” according to Doug Mataconis in his article titled College Students Lack Critical Thinking Skills, But Who’s To Blame. How to Survive the Third Year of Medical School: Common Pitfalls by Apollo aka L.Y. February 13 2012.

See: Barack Obama Speech on Student Loans

What is Intelligence and How is it Measured by Hsin-Yi Cohen BSc, MA, MSt.26 February. For the IQ result, they found that the government school in a lower SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 96, the non-government/Catholic school in the same lower SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 90, the government school in a higher SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 110, and the non-government/Catholic school in the same higher SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 111. Sept. October 14, 2013.


Dr. Not only this study shows that correlation, but other experts also conceivably show that correlation in the study titled Sub-threshold Autism Traits: The role of Trait Emotional Intelligence And Cognitive Flexibility. Tomas Estrada, Elizabethtown College & Dr. For example, as stated in the free dictionary, “Intelligence discipline is a well-defined area of intelligence collection, processing, exploitation, and reporting using a specific category of technical or human resources. October 25, 2013.

Mann, Dale. Most agree that intelligence is an umbrella term which covers a variety of related mental abilities.”

See. In a recent North Carolina campaign ad, Obama vowed to improve education but also emphasized that ‘the truth is government can’t do it all.’ During his campaign speeches, he implores that parents had to get involved or ‘make sure your son or your daughter is doing his or her homework.’” On the other hand, according to Publicagenda.org in the article titled Parents Want to Be Involved in Children’s Education Yet Don’t Understand Key Factors Affecting Public Education Quality, Survey Shows Few Know What Children Should be Learning or How Schools Function and Rank; Only 50 Percent Want Children to Have More Challenging Courses ,”‘Many parents report the kinds of changes they believe would enhance their involvement, and what obstacles they encounter that hinder it,’ said Kelli Wells, director of U.S. Reference that Dr. Mohsen Haghbin , Adam McCaffrey, and Timothy A. “10 Signs You Picked The Wrong College Major,” May 9. “Health problems affect dropout rates indirectly by forcing young people, especially young women, to cope with family physical or mental illness, often imposing on their responsibilities that can lead to their leaving school (32). 17 Oct. To substantiate his idea, he mentions Robert Sternberg. Wood, and Robert A. March 12, 2014. January 11, 2014: http://www.care2.com/causes/for-pregnant-students-title-ix-essential-to-success.html.

Gale M. October 30, 2013.

University of Alabama Center for Academic Success. December 07, 2013.

Gilardi, Silvia, and Chiara Guglielmetti. 2012.

Alexandra Sifferlin, New Worry for College Students: Food Insecurity Time Health & Family, Jan. They analyzed the results in a covariant manner. “Bad Eating Habits and Students’ Performance” by Saeed Mubarak in Education Land.

IQ Predicts Academic Achievement: http://www.highiqpro.com/iq-academic-success/iq-predicts-academic-achievement. Race seems to be a factor in the problem. November 10, 2013.

See. King, Phillip K. 36, No 160. Rowell Huesmann in The Impact of Electronic Media Violence: Scientific Theory and Research in the National Institute of Health Public Access Policy : Adolesc Health. The government, school authorities, everyone, or parents have to try to help out the students who get pregnant. For example, “According to Michael Ellsberg, the problem with that is, ‘College is training for managerial work, and the economy doesn’t need that many managers.’ In this economy, businesses do not have the time or capital to train you to become employable. However, there are many differences between high school and college. Think before You Act and What Causes Many College Students to Fail or Drop out are two of his works that he likes the most. Awakened the Wisdom and Power whiting You. News, covering high schools and college financing, 10 Colleges Where Grads Have the Most Student Loan Debt, December 17, 2013. Vol 89 (No. 336-340

Best Practice Guide Managing underperformance by Fair Work Ombudsman, 2009, Australien government.

Dale Schunk, Goal Setting, education.com, Dec 23, 2009. V2, N6 2002. 2012

Intervention Central. “College Students Continue to Adopt New

“Scientists generally agree that intelligence can be captured by psychometric tests. In order to do the survey, researchers Ralph Stine brickner of Berea College and Todd R. “Studies Show People More Stressed as Students than At Other Stage of Life Due to Work, Relationships.” Stud.life.com. “Fifty three percent of recent college grads are jobless or underemployed, and forty five percent are still living with their parents. 2012.

McDermott, P., & Rothenberg, J. 17, 2012.

Convissor, Kate. SuccessConsciousness.com. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunning in the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014).

See. Filed under Editorials, Students life. February 1, 2014.

Ashburn, Elyse. October 30, 2013.

Robert Morse and Diane Tolis , Measuring Colleges’ Success Graduating Higher-Income Students , an analysis shows graduation rates of higher-income students compared with the entire student body in U.S News & World Report, Jan. October 13, 2013.

See. August 22, 2012.

Jamestown Community College, JCC, State University of New York, in Student Responsibility Statement that was endorsed by the faculty in September 2008 and by Student Senate in October 2008. Faculties need ongoing advanced training in effective teaching online. 15. 2012.

Why Students Drop Out: Perceptions of Educators, Parents, and Students in SEDL

Mollman, Sarah. We can try to help the students who get addicted to Internet or computer. January 2011.

As a matter of fact, students can face troubles if they lack cognitive flexibility. January 12, 2014.

Why Students Drink by the University of Minnesota


Dyslexia, Its impact on the Individual, Parents and Society by Lamk Al-Lamkim in NCBI, Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. Consequences of Abusive College Drinking.

Research-Based Test Preparation Instruction Better Test Scores that was conducted by Perfection Learning Corporation. We need to teach our kids how to reason, how to think; they need to know how to study before entering college.” As a matter of fact, statistics have shown that it gives better results when students take college level classes since in High school before entering college or when teachers have better equipment in the classroom. Steele, dean of the Stanford University Graduate School of Education. Not only can underprepared or unprepared students drop out, but they can also expose to other academic difficulties. Students who want to succeed have to be diligent to acquire those skills. “N.D” August, 18, 2012.

Rachel Pancare shows in Effects of Tardiness on Your Child’s Education in Global Post, December 16, 2013.

Dr. 2012.

See. 2012.

Ormrod Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall in IQ and School Achievement in education.com, “ND. A surve

See. Azzam, April 2007 | Volume 64 | Number 7 The Prepared Graduate Pages 91-93 by Amy M. February 26, 2014.

Rajeev, Loveleena. Its quotient (IQ) is the score you get on an intelligence test. Some instructors grade more heavily on homework, papers and projects, while others put a lot of weight on tests. Alston, Clifford Nowell and Richard M. ” A new Retention Variable: Hope and First Generation College Students.” Article 11. Cherif, Gerald E. A study from 1999 suggests that information becomes ‘cemented’ in our brains as we sleep.” We can also economically help them or take more time to motivate them or to talk to them by making them realize how education is valuable. August 20, 2012.

See: Timing of first birth and its impact on school attainment among black women in South Africa by Karabo Mhele.

Francesca Di Meglio in Stress Takes Its Toll on College Students in businessweek, May 10, 2012. Journal of Marketing Education, 27 (1), 5-13. 2012.

Constitutional Rights Foundation, Causes of School Violence, http://www.crf-usa.org/school-violence/causes-of-school-violence.html. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. They asked them about many elements about their study. September 28, 2012.

What causes students to fail or drop out of college by Harry H. “Students from a low income household have a harder chance of succeeding in college,” according to Harry Harrison in the article titled Getting Students from Low Income Households into College. Here is a plot that shows what this degree of correlation looks like – you can see there is quite a close link. “LONELINESS: THE ROLE THAT IT PLAYS ON A STUDENT’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE.”Tuesday, May 12, 2009. May 21. “WHY DO FIRST- GENERATION STUDENTS FAIL?” <em>College Student Journal</em> 45.1 (2011): 20-35. ‘The idea of investment has moved from the education experience and thinking and problem-solving skills to a more practical orientation of what career will this prepare me for, Allen said’,” according to Carla Rivera in the article titled Cost, Financial Aid Becoming More Important in College Choice.

See. “Meeting the needs of gifted underachievers – individually!” by Smutney, J.

2e Newsletter December, 2004. Cherif, Gerald E. Ideas and Research You Can Use: VISTAS 2010. Improvement in reading, spelling, dyslexia, ADD/ADHD and more. The two paramount types of intelligence are multiple Intelligences and general Intelligence. Cost calculations are reflected in increasing requests for financial aid, many college officials said,” according to Carla Rivera Cost in the article titled Financial Aid Becoming More Important in College Choice.” ‘Costs and financial aid are becoming more important and salient to students’ decisions in part due to increased tuition,’ said Kevin Eagan, interim director of UCLA’s Cooperative Institutional Research Program, which prepares the survey of the nation’s first-year students conducted by UCLA’s Higher Education Research Institute. 22. ‘Students are approaching their college search with a much more critical eye on how they’re going to fund their education,’ Eagan said. From: http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/features/important-sleep-habits.

Singhal, Pooman. , Children don’t like school because they love freedom. That can help them gaining memories or positively affect their learning capabilities. European Journal of Open, Distance & E-learning. “Academically Underprepared Students” by Marsha A. May, 21. Murray, Carol Mertens, E Richard Dustin of the University of Iowa, “Student Self-Esteem and the School System: Perceptions and Implications” May and June 1996. OFF-TASK / INATTENTION,” “N.d” August. August, 18, 2012.

A finding from the 2001-2002 of NFTE in two Boston Public Schools by Michael Nakkula, Claudia Pineda, Amy Dray, and Miranda Lutyens. ” Blogpost.com..Only the best, May 12,2009. Dangers of Teen Drinking.

See: 3 Ways to Avoid the Consequences of Pre-Fall Break Burnout by Luis Ruuska, Editor-at-large, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Bad grades didn’t force students to drop out because of academic rules or regulations, bad grades caused students to drop out because they altered how students viewed their future college experience.” Students had to help out their families’ responsibility. The Qualitative Report [On-line serial], 5(3/4). Feb.

Chase, Peru: Gender discrimination causes young girls to miss school peruthisweek news, October 14, 2013. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunningin the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014). Understanding Problem Solving and the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics by Luzviminda “Luchie” B. In order to do the studies, ShohrehGhorbanshiroudi, JavadKhalatbari, Mohammad Salehi, SonaBahari, Mohammad MojtabaKeikhayfarzaneh survey many students at Islamic Azad University, Sarab branch in the years of 2008 to 2009. 3/11/2014. College Students Journal. 10, 2013.

National Institute of Mental of Health. We can also look at to better our schools. December – 2006. Picciano , Professor at the school of education at Hunter College of the City University of New York, JALN Volume 6, Issue 1 – July 2002. Murphy & Terence Hicks. Secondly, in all the school listed above, they asked the instructors to rank their students according to how they knew their students were intelligent and how they performed in their classes. December 30, 2013.

See:The study by Muhammad Luqman at the department of psychology at Bahauddin

Zakriya University Multan

See: Teacher Perceptions of the Relationships between Intelligence, Student Behavior, and Academic Performance by Anthony Imbrosciano and Richard Berlach, Issues In Educational Research, Vol 13, 2003. Sept 3, 2015.

Christian Haro, “Managing Your Time,” November 16, 2008. November 10, 2013.

Accredited online colleges in the article titled Internet Addiction Among College Students: 10 Startling Trends. Youthvoice. Prevalence of Underage Drinking in Johns Hopkins.

Feichtinger, Deborah M. O’ROURKE. Atwood, Elizabethtown College. If you know that someone has a certain Gf score, you know they are likely to do better in their SAT score and their GPA…”

See: Nelson David Bassey in his new book titled The New Generation of Leadership that he released in August 22, 2013 with his co-authors Dr. Cohen goes on to indicate how scientists contradict with other scientists, regarding single intelligence belief, for example. Ahmet Adal?er Cyprus show in the article titled THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNET ADDICTION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS, “Students dropout from school to spend time on computers.” Some students are the first persons from their families to attend college. The results are particularly notable for minority students. However, academic unpreparedness among college students can face them to troubles, which can cause them or society financial deficits. Maryellen Weimer, Why Students Procrastinate and What You Can Do About It, May 7, 2009. As Grace Fleming states in the article titled Teens and Sleep Deprivation, “One study shows that it is good to study right before going to sleep because ‘there is near-consensus that sleep promotes learning of certain types of perceptual memories.’ In other words, sleep helps students store memories to be retained and remembered the next day. “N.D” October 10, 2013.

Esra CEYHAN, A. That causes them to fail or drop out. 18, 2014.http://www.wibw.com/home/headlines/Kansas-College-Students-Take-6-Years-To-Graduate-245876401.html

See: The National Center for students expose to violence: http://www.nccev.org/violence/school.html.

Picking the wrong college major can be an expensive error by Liz Weston Reuters in NBC News Business, Nov. This refers to an individual’s ability to understand and be aware of your own emotions, as well as those of people around you. They were bored with school (47 percent), had missed too many days and could not catch up (43 percent), spent time with people who were not interested in school (42 percent), had too much freedom and not enough rules in their lives (38 percent), and were failing (35 percent),” according to the article titled Special Report / Why Students Drop Out. Kidshealth. “SOCIAL NETWORKING USAGE AND GRADES AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS,”A Study to Determine the Correlation Of Social Media Usage and Grades. “The Effect Of Different Attendance Policies On Student Attendance And Achievement.” (1992): ERIC. January 12, 2014.

Hana M. Forty-five students were male and 42 female.” The first part of this study was that all the students took the IQ score. “Tardy sweep causes frustration for late students.” February 29, 2012. They academically perform poorly, which causes them troubles. January 16, 2014.

David L. August 06, 2014.

Depression weighs heavily on college students, Up to 7 percent of adult population affected by disorder, thegazette.com. 14, 2012. Sara A. September 30, 2002.” August 20, 2012.

Intelligence has a relation with cognitive flexibility. As Sheryl M. “High School Dropouts: A Review of Issues and Evidence,”Review of Educational Research Summer 1987, Vol. “Intelligence tests are one of the most popular types of psychological tests in use today. 8, 2014.

Students at Dorchester school are all college bound Cristo Rey school builds on success By James Sullivan | Globe Correspondent May 08, 2014. Remez Sasson,

Author and Founder of SuccessConsciousness.com. This scenario can be seen in the left plot below. There is no doubt that the main majors are difficult and growing more complex. Studies repeatedly show that performance on intelligence tests is correlated with school achievement (N. Fabiano, Gary R. Monday, 15 2012.

Whitmore School of Business and Economics and University of New Hampshire. Azzam identified five major reasons for leaving school. Minority students will benefit disproportionately from such strategies, she said, but they won’t feel embarrassed by participating or feel that they’re being singled out as ‘at risk’,” according to Katherine Mangan in the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges in The Chronic of Higher Education. January 28, 2014.

Richard D. With college students, Schunk and Ertmer found that a process goal of learning computer applications led to higher self-efficacy, self-judged learning progress, and strategy use, compared with an outcome goal of performing the applications.” We can find an appropriate way to help many college students to cope or deal with stress, bad or poor study habits, violence, anxiety, hard programs, college cost, lack of confidence, online classes, or loneliness. 17, 2010. Science Leadership Academy in the study of Suspensions vs. May 10, 2014.

See. Journal of Education Studies (2005): 97, 96. October 15, 2013.

Arsht, McGoldrick, Sims, & Williams in their article. IQ level and combined SAT score. 8, 2014.

Delece Smith-Barrow, an education reporter at U.S. But the study of intelligence is dogged by questions of just how much IQ contributes to an individual’s success and well-being, how genes and environment interact to generate smarts and why the average IQ score rose throughout the world during the twentieth century,” as stated in the article titled What Is Intelligence in Psychology today. That makes the situation a little more complicated. Fabiano, Gary R. October 17, 2015: https://news.osu.edu/news/2015/10/16/prescription-drugs/.

Dr. December 10, 2013.

Lester, James D. “millennial.” Sep 10 2015. 18, 2014.

See. January 17, 2013.

The New Majority US colleges Are Failing Their Biggest Group of Students: Part-timers By Lila Selim, a writer and researcher in New York City, January 29, 2014. 15 2012.

See: Theravive in Sel-esteem, http://www.theravive.com/services/self-esteem.htm. Mond. December 30, 2013.

Nayland S. 2001. Feb. Findarticle. October 12, 2014.

See: Amy Sterling Casil in What Percentage of College Students Fail Their First Semester? Resources: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: Education at a Glance 2012. December 6, 2013, Reviewed by: Lauren Applebaum, the Associate Dean of the Fingerhut School of Education in American Jewish University’s Graduate Center for Education. October 15, 2013.

University counseling service & students & staffs counselling by University of Cambridge in Procrastination.

Scheffler RM, Brown TT, Fulton BD, Hinshaw SP, Levine P, and Stone Show in Positive association between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder medication.reference: National Institute of Mental Health. “College Students Do Not Have Good Eating Habits” by Palmira in Agencia De Noticiasum. ‘It is that too many of them have not, for myriad reasons, had the kinds of educational experiences that would effectively maximize those capabilities,’” according to the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education.

The Real Reason New College Grads Can’t Get Hired By Martha C. To measure intelligence, it is crucial that we use a concept that is appropriate to the type of intelligence. Oct 10, 2014. Aug. A Third of College Students Smoke by Melissa Schorr.

See: PBS NewsHour: Why Students Who Underperform Drop out of School: http://americangraduate.ninenet.org/learn/83-pbs-newshour-amgradweek.html

Jason Kane. 21. Thus, this study confirms the effectiveness of communication skills in increasing emotional intelligence and life satisfaction” (Ghorbanshiroudi, JavadKhalatbari, Mohammad Salehi, SonaBahari, and Mohammad MojtabaKeikhayfarzaneh).

See. Learning support services. “Action on Dropout” “N.D” Sept. They used the T test. March 8, 2014.

Thames, Jen. Matthew Lynch in It’s Tough to Trailblaze: Challenges of First-Generation College Students, A 2010 study by the Department of Education January 23, 2013, Oct. in Psychon Bull Rev. Cherif, Gerald E. Oct. He says that “Robert Sternberg, proposes that there are 3 fundamental aspects to intelligence: analytical, practical, and creative. Faculty and academic managers need to think of creative ways to do this in our virtual learning environments. Wheeler in The End of the College Roommate, More and more schools are letting students live in single dorm rooms in theatlantic.com, Feb. Writing Research Papers. Petrides, KristelleHudry, Norah Frederickson, and Luke D. January 11, 2014.

Abour H. Prev Chronic Dis 2007;4(4). ‘Tuition has increased particularly at public institutions’” (Rivera). Miller and Coleen Murray, “The American Association of College and Universities (AAC&U) reports that ‘ 53% of students entering our colleges and universities are academically underprepared, lacking basic skills in at least one of the three basic areas of reading, writing or mathematics’ (Tritelli, 2003).” This statistic seems to demonstrate that most students enter college without some skills, or academic unpreparedness is an issue that exists among college students as Harry H. some students have not realized this yet” (Abour H. February 16, 2014.

See. Since the average score is 100, experts can quickly assess individual test scores against the average to determine where these scores fall on the normal distribution,”as stated in the article titled What Is the Average IQ by Kendra Cherry. Gilbert of Vanderbilt University, Sarah Novick of Boston University, and Jessica Gomez Of Boston University that was conduct by In Press, Teachers College Record. August. Students fail because of that. and Wyndol Furman, Ph.D. Another study shows that sleep strengthens memories so they become clear and resistant to interferences and distractions. 2012.

See: WILL OKUN, a Chicago school teacher who traveled with Nick Krist of in June to central Africa, on the win-a-trip contest, in the article titled “Parents Who Don’t Parent”, which has published at Nytimes.com, June 23, 2008. 2005. Young in The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 28, 2010. January 28, 2014.

CLAPS. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunning in the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014. Some of them choose inappropriate or wrong major or fear to fail or are frustrated. January 5, 2013.

See. 2011.

15 Reasons Why You Should Drop Out Of College By Michael Tunney, October 21, 2013. in Raising Readers, Writers, and Spellers, the author of Raising Confident Readers, How to Teach Your Child to Read and Write–from Baby to Age 7, in the article titled A Lack of Parent Engagement Helps Create Failing Schools, July 13, 2011. Department of Education, National Center for education Statistics, National Education Longitudinal Study, 1990.” October 21. “Girls who leave due to pregnancy report that they would have stayed in school if they had received greater support from the adults at school. http://www.kpho.com/story/26763562/study-says-college-students-addicted-to-technology.

John O’Connor, To Cut Student Debt, Florida College Cuts Off Some Student Borrowing in NPR, October 12, 2014. 2011.

See: The dissertation titled FACULTY AND STUDENT OUT-OF-CLASSROOM INTERACTION: STUDENT PERCEPTIONS OF QUALITY OF INTERACTION by Rosalind Veronica Alderman, Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Administration in May 2008. Goldberg, who retired last year as an engineering professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and is now an education consultant,” according to CHRISTOPHER DREW in the article titled Why Science Majors Change Their Minds (It’s Just So Darn Hard) in The New York times.

See. Published in final edited form as: J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. Fox Providence. “N.D” January 8, 2014. March 8, 2014.

DUTT, ADHIRAJ. ” Stress and The College Students: A Debate.” Jour.unr.edu. Forty of the students in the study came from schools in the lower SES bracket, 47 from schools in the higher bracket. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2011.533414. If this were to happen, schools would go to extreme lengths to ensure students have the opportunity to graduate in four. December 8, 2013.

Brigham Young University, Center for Teaching & Learning, states, Helping Students Take Responsibility for Learning: http://ctl.byu.edu/teaching-tips/helping-students-take-responsibility-learning, “N.D” Feb. 23 July 2012.

Global Cognition in Why Overconfidence Occurs and How to Overcome it: Sieck, W., Merkle, E., & Van Zandt, T. Medical & Health Articles. . Glennie, Ph.D., and Elizabeth Stearns, Ph.D. <em>ERIC</em>. in Poor Academic Performance–Why? In ERIC: ND, http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED110106, February 07, 2014.

Variables Related to Perfectionism by Marilyn E. Also, we can infer from this study that schools where students have a better IQ score have better academic performance than those where students have lesser IQ scores, or schools where students have better IQ scores do not have but mostly have better general behavior rate than those where students do not have a better academic performance. 14, 2013.

Discipline And Causes of Indiscipline by Mohammed Rhalmi, august 25, 2010. For reading, the corresponding percentages are 16, 29, and 54. Most illicit drug use by teenagers holding steady; possible turnaround seen with alcohol by the Institute for Social Research in Urmich.

“Prioritization of financial aid and cost over other historical considerations such as academic reputation and graduates’ job prospects has been growing, said Seth Allen, vice president and dean of admissions and financial aid at Pomona. Many students do not even have the book to study. In addition to that , Tori Walston reported that she drop out of school in the article titled DISCUSS: How Do We Best Prevent Dropouts due to being undisciplined. “This study, conducted in 2001, involved 87 students, across four schools. 31) In UMBC,”N.D” Feb. “<em>Poll: Money Problems Reason College Students Might Drop out</em>.” <em>boston.cbslocal.com.</em> ” N.p” April 20, 2011. Aykut CEYHAN, and Anadolu University. May. There is an increase demand of material knowledge. Center for Child and Family Policy , Duke University , Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy. 2012. Sep 10 2015.

Women more than twice as likely to be depressed in The Telegraph. As WILL OKUN stated in the article titled “Parents Who Don’t Parent”, which has published at nytimes.com, “According to the Wall Street Journal, Barack Obama deems ‘parents who do not parent’,one of the most serious challenges facing the country. Ormrod Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall in IQ and School Achievement in education.com, “ND. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.09.005. In addition to that, the government school in a lower SES area has a teacher’s APR (academic performance) of 0.378 with a teacher’s GBR(general behavior rate) of 0.098, the non-government/Catholic school in the same lower SES area has a teacher’s APR of 0.226 and a teacher’s GBR of -0.138, the government school in a higher SES area has a teacher’s APR of 0.636 with a teacher’s GBR of 0.491, and the non-government/Catholic school in the same higher SES area has a teacher’s APR of 0.503 and a teacher’s GBR of 0.287. October, 13, 2014. Educationrealist, February 6, 2012. Miller and Coleen Murray , as Harry H. Feb. The correlation of SAT combined performance and fluid intelligence is close to 0.40 for both SAT combined and GPA. According to Abour H. “In 2011 the authors conducted a study asking 739 students to provide their own perspective of why students fail courses and drop out of colleges. 2012.

First Bad Grade: What Do I Do Next? by Nicole Eisenberg on October 07, 2011Junior > Marketing & Supply Chain Management > University of Maryland, College Park. We also need to provide adequate training and ongoing mentorship opportunities for teachers and change the collective mindset when it comes to how the learning process works, making coursework more relevant, interactive and engaging. 7, 2014.

Rocheleau, Matt. Cherif, Gerald E. Feb. 05 Sep 2011. It is the power of one’s intellect, and as such is clearly a very important aspect of one’s overall well-being. Many college students also fail because they are unable to well adjust the way that they think or because they have thinking difficulty. Dr. “Students Depressed over Lack of Money.” <em>Telegraph.co.uk.</em> The Telegraph, 17 Apr. 2012.

Fleming, Grace. October 15, 2013.

See. (2005). “They choose to engage in other activities. Published in final edited form as: J Adolesc Health. 1997 November 11. ” The Consequences of Cheating for Students.” Ehow.com. November 11. Experts say building skills like grit and perseverance will help increase college readiness in the U.S by Celia R. “If You Want to Know Why Students Fail, Just Ask Them.” <em>U.S. NEWBOLD, and MATTHEW A. November 27, 2013.

See. Tue. 25, 2012.

Phelps, Ben. Handler, a medical doctor, shows in the articled titled What Parents Need to Know About Dyslexia (Reading Disability) in American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, “Students with dyslexia can be taught strategies to work with their learning disability. “The statistical sample consists of 40 students who had a low score in life satisfaction and emotional intelligence and are randomly involved in a two groups including 20 people of test and control. “N.p” June 29. ‘It’s dry and hard to get through, so if you can create an oasis in there, it would be a good thing,’ says Dr. “n.d” May. 2012.

See. 2012 August; 12(3): 269-272. , Children don’t like school because they love freedom. Forty-four students came from the two government schools and 43 from the two non-government schools. Outpost. Cosden (1997), “Risk, Resilience, and Adjustment of Individuals with Learning Disabilities.” ID online.org. Thursday, July, 27. 2012.

Why Do Students Fail or Get Less Marks in Exam? – Causes in studyandexam.com. Harrison Jr., Best-Selling Parenting Author, shows in the article titled What Causes Students to Fail or Drop Out of College, “Boylan supports King’s (2004) assumptions by stating that ‘students fail to do well in college for a variety of reasons and only one of them is lack of academic preparedness.’”

Caitlin Lenker and Dan McAndrew The MinstrelThe Procrastination Epidemic: An Investigative Report, “ND”. Mines in Critical Thinking Among College and Graduate Students ,The Review of Higher Education Winter 1990, Volume 13 No. King, Phillip K. There are different types of intelligence. 2012.

Dr. In order to do so, Sara Martinez Tucker, CEO of the National Math and Science Initiative, the former Under Secretary of the U.S.

Does academic achievement have a relation with intelligence or IQ score and discipline or behavior? How can lack of discipline or bad behavior and little or lack of intelligence affect students? According to a study titled Teacher Perceptions of the Relationships between Intelligence, Student Behavior, and Academic Performance by Anthony Imbrosciano and Richard Berlach, they tried to find out how academic performance was correlated with intelligence and behavior. 2012.

Caveon, “Cheating Statistics.” Caveon.com. June 15, 2014.

Suggested citation for this article: Freudenberg N, Ruglis J. Students get addicted to Internet or computer; as a result, they face a lot of trouble. January 13, 2012. College, he concluded, wasn’t for him,” according to the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education. Students also drop out because they see that college is a waste of time. At some point in your life, you’ll have to learn to become self-reliant to survive in an environment like that”(Tunney).

Detroit.cbslocal, Young & Free Michigan Helps Students Pay For College, January 28, 2014. 2012.

Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education , February 26, 2014. Hurt, Bobby L in the article titled Childhood Obesity Intervention Strategies: How Do Schools Weigh In, a 30 pages research paper that was submitted for a partial fulfillment of the requirements of MS in school counseling with research advisor Dr. December 31, 2013.

See. Web. Richard Gentry, Ph.D. Over 62 percent of students who were admitted to but did not attend their first-choice college said they were offered aid by the institution they chose to attend,” according to Dennis Romero in the article titled More Students Are Choosing Colleges by Price, UCLA Says.They have to choose appropriate school or assume responsibility. In May 2015, he graduated from Lynn University with an MBA in Hospitality Management. Students with higher IQ scores do better on standardized achievement tests, have higher school grades, and complete more years of education.” In addition to that, not only can students who are not very or who are less intelligent have lesser grade or come from schools that mostly have lesser general behavior rate, but they can expose to other problems. We can try to help students with college costs. ” June 17, 2014.

See. (2007). 10 Theories On The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status And Academic Achievement by Grant Wiggins, December 20, 2012, TeachThought Staff. This kind of relationship is shown on the right plot below” … 2011.

See: Ethan Yazzie-Mintz in the article titled Students are bored, many skip school, lack adult support, Feb. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. 29, No. 57, American Educational Research Association. Retrieved from: http://commons.pacificu.edu/spp/29

WebMD Medical Reference in What Is Depression? http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/what-is-depression Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg, MD on May 15, 2012 © 2012 WebMD, LLC. May 15. Alston (e-mail: ralston@weber.edu) are professors of economics at Weber State University. However, if students do not have this type of ability or this type of flexibility, they can expose to trouble. CME Released: 08/28/2008; Valid for credit through 08/28/2009. “Weckmann offered a list of factors that can help increase resilience to depression: having a good social support network from friends, family and church, having regular exercise and a healthful diet, limiting the use of drugs and alcohol or not using at all, having a sense of purpose or helping others through volunteer work or caring for a pet, and maintaining treatment, such as therapy, meditation, medications and lifestyle changes” (Moustafa and Linh Ta). January 31, 2010. “A study by the College Board shows students from poorer families who took more rigorous advanced placement courses in high school had higher four-year college-going rates, first-year grade point averages and retention rates than their counterparts who did not take any AP exams. And we are more interested here in the link between fluid intelligence and SAT and GPA, since our HighIQPro training causes fluid intelligence to improve substantially. 19 July 2012.


See. Stephany Elsworth in Do Language Barriers Affect Student Performance in School?

Weade, Barbara L, “School and Work Tardiness in High School Students in Rural Wisconsin.” May 2004. They have to write long paper and read long assignments”(1). January 13, 2014.

Setterfield, Julia. Why Some College Athletes Do Not Succeed by Dave Galehouse in varsityedge.com. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. As it is explained by the scientists, “Psychometritians utilize a process known as standardization in order to make it possible to compare and interpret the meaning of IQ scores. The Bar-On emotional intelligence and life satisfaction questionnaire were used.” Ghorbanshiroudi, JavadKhalatbari, Mohammad Salehi, SonaBahari, and Mohammad MojtabaKeikhayfarzanehalso used the Pearson test. “ND” October 17, 2013.

LETITIA ANNE PEPLAU, “Loneliness and the College Student.” 1987. Students are also more aware of rising college debt — $1.2 trillion nationally — and are more wary of being saddled with huge loans to repay. Admissions counselors and professors can also help. In addition to holding a master’s degree in education from Towson University, Walters is also a certified master life coach and is the founder and owner of Spiritual Counseling and Life Coaching LLC., an international mental health counseling company”( classroom.synonym.com) in classroom synonym http://classroom.synonym.com/effects-excessive-absenteeism-schools-3900.html.

See. Dec. Reasons Why Intelligent Students Sometimes Fail by Wayne State University febuary 16, 2007. By the way, as the dropouts have been mentioned many reasons in Army’s study, who are they? As Michele Heister shows in the article titled Dropout Data and Statistics in the 2008-2009 school year data by the Division of Data Quality in PA or Pennsylvania Department of Education in PIMS, “A drop out is a student who, for any reason other than death, leaves school before graduation without transferring to another school/institution.” Many students or dropouts do not do their assignment or their homework or do not practice their homework due to cheating or copying, which can cause them the same troubles that lack of personal standard can also cause them , procrastinate or are married, or have trouble paying attention in class due to excessive texting, so they often fail. 17 Oct. October 12, 2013.

Hayley Fowler mentions, “According to the 2013 National Survey Section One 4-yr Directors (Final).pdf of College Counseling Centers, an average of 1,800 students sought individual or group counseling for mental health related issues at universities with more than 15,000 students.”

Messenger, David. 11 & 12, 2014. 2012.

See. Published online 2007 June 15. thesis, University of Maryland, College Park, on file with ProQuest Information and Learning Company by Boccanfuso, Christopher in dignityinscool.org, 2005. We have to help the students who come from low-income families. He is the author of Teenage Marriages Are Likely to End Unhappily, Think before You Act, What Causes Many College Students to Fail or Dropout, Many People Get Married for Foolish Reasons, An Essay about the Tell-Tale-Heart and The Black Cat, and many other works.

See. (2000, October). Special Report / Why Students Drop Out by Amy M. ISSN 1799-2591 Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. Iarovici, MD, Medscape Multispecialty in Adolescent ADHD in Advokat CD, Guidry D, Martino L in the article titled Licit and Illicit Use of Medications for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Undergraduate College Students in Journal of the American College of Health and Wilens TE, Adler LA, Adams J, et al in the article titled Misuse and Diversion of Stimulants Prescribed for ADHD: A Systematic Review of the Literature in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 16 Oct. As Grace Fleming states in the article titled Teens and Sleep Deprivation, Making Time for Sleep and Homework, “A more recent study shows that sacrificing sleep to study actually does more harm than good. Alchool Alert by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Understanding the Impact of Alchool in Human health and Well Being.

Update On Binge Drinking Among College Students: From Bad To Worse by Robert Glatter, MD. “N.D” October 30, 2013.

See. You don’t have to drown yourself in debt for a failing institution if you don’t want to. 2012.

SciEduDes in Why Don’t Students Ask Questions? “N.D” December 8, 2013.

See. 2009. Those who do care seek help and ask questions when needed. Anne Marie Delaney in her paper titled Why Faculty-Student Interaction Matters in the First Year Experience that she presented to the 29th annual eair forum between august 20 to 26 in 2007 in Innsbruck, Austria. Sept 20, 2012.

See: Understanding Mathematics by Peter Alfeld, Department of Mathematics, university of Utah, Do you ask questions in class? 30-Dec-1997, December 07, 2013.

Richard Millsap in why Do Some Students Succeed And Others Fail to Achieve Desired Class Drades, And Academic Goals & Objectives in wweb.uta.edu. How can students assume responsibility? According to Jamestown Community College, JCC, State University of New York, in Student Responsibility Statement that was endorsed by the faculty in September 2008 and by Student Senate in October 2008, “Students assume responsibility when they take an active role in their learning by recognizing they are accountable for their academic success. Removing the desire to cheat is the least immediately practical but most assured way of encouraging academic integrity.” Additionally, students have to stop using social sites, stop getting suspended in school, stop texting in class, stop being overconfident, stop eating badly, or stop procrastinating. Originally, it was a quotient (a ratio): IQ= MA/CA x 100 [MA is mental age, CA is chronological age],” according to Dr. Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall shows in the article titled IQ and School Achievement, “Modern intelligence tests have been designed with Binet’s original purpose in mind: to predict how well individual students are likely to perform in the classroom and similar situations. The few researchers who examined the impact of addiction, mental illness, chronic diseases, or mortality among parents on students’ school achievement suggest it has a substantial effect (33,34),” according to Dr. Oct. . January 5, 2014.

See. Brody, 1997; Gustafsson&Undheim, 1996; Sattler, 2001). Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. (2013). This idea can make us realize as stated in the study that “It is clear from the results that IQ showed a correlation with APR “(Imbrosciano & Berlach). 2012.

See: University expels 34 students for cheating By Hala Khalaf in the National.eenews, December 27, 2010. Web. December 31, 2013.

See. December 31, 2013.

Moss, Erica. March 16, 2012. For example, some successful schools have added a number of Saturday study sessions taught by a master teacher, time that equates to three extra weeks of class time over the course of the year while providing valuable professional development for teachers.” We have to make students ascertain that doing or practicing homework, attending class, or studying is extremely crucial for academic success. Thursday, July 27. He shows that “more recently, scientist dissatisfied with the traditional idea of a single intelligence have postulated alternate theories of ‘multiple intelligences’ – that is, intelligence is the result of several independent abilities which combine to contribute to the total performance of an individual.” Cohen talks about Howard Gardner’s theory and Robert Sternberg’s theory. According to UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN in the article titled Loneliness, “Students can deal with loneliness by becoming too quickly and deeply involved with people and activities without evaluating the consequences of their involvement. November 10, 2013.

Lastly, not at all, race seems to be a factor in the problem. July 7, 2010. According to the article titled Cheating in College: Where It Happens, Why Students Do It and How to Stop It by Bryce Buchmann, Texas A&M, “Tightening the rules on classroom behavior during exams seems like the most obvious and readily available solution for cheating. Graduation rates

“While most university campuses offer resources to help students cope, some of those students ultimately withdraw from school. Tori Walston, Former Dropout A first-hand account , April 21st, 2012. December 31, 2013.

See: College Drinking by National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 17 Oct. “Degree of procrastination linked with lower grades.”The Michigan Daily News. Source: LaBahn, J. Option fixation: A cognitive contributor to overconfidence Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 103 (1), 68-83 DOI: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2006.11.001. Faculty managers currently do not serve well in this role; they are all production based. 15 oct. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1955391/, Feb. Wood, and Robert A. Allyson Todd, dean of academic affairs at the Community College of Allegheny County, told the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette that some students come to college unprepared for the amount of work required,” as stated in the article titled What Percentage of College Students Fail Their First Semester by Amy Sterling Casil.

JON MARCUS AND HOLLY K. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. Parties, late night studies session or job-related obligations are taking precedence and leaving less time for the mandatory sleep needed for optimal performance” (Shragge). http://clubs.calvin.edu/chimes/991112/opinions_01.html

Petra Alfred, et al. 91% of the 1,200 students said that they had feelings of mental distress, such as feeling down, stressed or demotivated. EBSCO. Carol L. Faculty managers need to have more training in academic leadership–especially in this area of persistence in online environments” (Abour H. “First-generation college students at a four-year university: background characteristics, reasons for pursuing higher education, and first-year experiences – Statistical Data Included.” Findarticle.com. “The Power of Perseverance”, Self-Transformation Series: Issue No. October 14, 2013.

Naomi Schaefer Riley in Why do college kids have so much time to smoke pot. Published online 2007 June 15. Holloway, et al. Baker. 2013 June 17, 2014.

See: What Challenges Are Boys Facing, and What Opportunities Exist To Address Those Challenges? in Some Facts About Boys and Education in U.S. 25. August 30th, 2011. Campbell in Global Post, America’s World New Site. Smydo, Joe. The remaining 75% need remedial work in English, mathematics, or both.”

See: DISCUSS: How Do We Best Prevent Dropouts? In learningmatters.tv. September 2, 2009 by Peter Gray in Freedom to Learn. October 15, 2013.

See: J.E. Robert Pitcher of the Educational Development Center at the University of Alabama shows. 2007 July; 4(3): A72. Education Reform, November 29, 2013.

See: Obama Forming Task Force to Protect College Students from Sex Assaults by THE ASSOCIATED PRESS in daily news, Wednesday January 22, 2014. 30.

See: Prof. November 11. They lack organizational skills. 3/12/2014.

Gabriel, Trip. Perceptions of Libraries, 2010: Context and Community. 2012. “N.D” Feb. “N.p.” “n.d” May. Michael Tunney shows that “getting a degree is no longer a ticket to a job with a salary and benefits. Many college graduates cannot find college level jobs. Web. Azzam. McKinney, and Kristoffer Rhoads.

Megan Slack in the article titled President Obama Explains His Plan to Combat Rising College Costs The white House.gov, August 22, 2013. December 27, 2013.

See. Aug 1, 2010. 17, 2010. 2 Pages 167-186 Copyright © 1990 Association for the Study of Higher Education All Rights Reserved. Students can have difficulty in adjusting their own career expectations. News, covering graduate schools, 10 Colleges Where Graduates Have a Low Average Debt Load, December 10, 2013. Oct. December 7, 2013.

Tristan Watson. Effects of Teenage Drinking in learn-about-alcoholism.com.

See: Maastricht University in fear of failure, “ND” November 14, 2013. 25. 18, 2012.

Margarita Tartakovsky, M.S. Oct. Many teachers or instructors cause students troubles. Low-income students taking and passing AP exams are 32% more likely to graduate from college than their matched non-AP peers.” according to Sara Martinez Tucker in the article titled Getting More Low-Income Students into College Isn’t about Money, It’s About the Curriculum, “and memorization and rote learning won’t work any longer. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. “N.p” “n.d.” May. The World Largest Network of Learning Disabilities and ADHD. The sleep that you miss when you stay up late to study will cause ‘academic problems’ the following day. 9. “N.D” October 13, 2013.

Catrina G. “N.D” January 1, 2015.

According to the article titled Beyond the Rhetoric Improving College Readiness Through Coherent State Policy in higher education.org, “Lack of readiness for college is a major culprit in low graduation rates, as the majority of students who begin in remedial courses never complete their college degrees. Unpublished M.A. Approved by: Chair of Committee, Yvonne Lincoln Committee Members, Vicente Lechuga, Christine Stanley, and Radhika Viruru, and Head of Department, Jim Scheurich. 19. Article Contributed by: Jen Thames, Brand Manager for RHL.org the best source for residence hall linens and twinXL bedding on the web. 2015.

Russell W. December 30, 2013. Also, many of them use social sites or do not manage their time properly or are not that much intelligent. 2010. November 17, 2013.

See: “Why Don’t Students Like School?” Well, Duhhhh… We can also look at to give kids from low-income family more challenging and demanding class in High school before attending college or help those who have trouble thinking reasonably or studying. Brewer. Stine brickner, one of the paper’s authors, said ‘What they did not expect is that even if they work hard, they still will not do well’” (safdar). Studies repeatedly show that performance on intelligence tests is correlated with school achievement (N. Students experience ‘stereotype threat,’ he argues, when they feel pressure not to conform to a negative stereotype, whether it’s women in a science class or black men in a college course.” Many students do not eat well. 50% said they have had trouble sleeping, 38 % suffered feelings of panic and 14 % had considered self-harming, according to the study. Pia Bhathal in Smoking Can Affect Students’ Judgment, March 9, 2011. However, regardless of the various assessment methods used, students can benefit by being cognizant of common causes of class failure” (Kokemuller). 20.

Travis Waldron, Nearly Half Of American College Students Drop out before Receiving a degree, Mars 28, a report about the Havard study, 2012. Additionally, as a matter of fact, those scientists have been substantiated or found why the average score of the test is 100 by using the standardization process. June 17, 2014.

What Is the Average IQ By Kendra Cherry in PsychologyToday.”N.D” 06, 17, 2014.

Does intelligence have a relation with behavior, communication, and life satisfaction? As it is stated in the article titled The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Life Satisfaction and Determining their Communication Skill Test Effectiveness, ShohrehGhorbanshiroudi, JavadKhalatbari, Mohammad Salehi, SonaBahari, Mohammad MojtabaKeikhayfarzaneh try to determine how emotional intelligence and life satisfaction and communication skill test effectiveness are correlated. Harper, an associate professor and executive director of the Center for the Study of Race and Equity in Education at the University of Pennsylvania, who has led studies on black male achievement. October 13, 2013.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children (1997), “College Planning for Students with Learning Disabilities.” ID online.org. The plan will identify ‘colleges that do the most to help students from disadvantaged backgrounds as well as identify colleges that are improving their performance,’ according to a release from the White House.” Parents of first generation college students have to try to be more supportive to their children. 08, 2014.

Neil Kokemuller, What Causes Students to Fail Courses in College in Global Post, “N.D” November 12, 2013.

A summary ofbWhy Don’t Students Like School? A Cognitive Scientist Answers Questions About How The Mind Works And What It Means For The Classroom By Daniel Willingham Summarized by Bud Nye, R.N., M.S.

Study Shows Students Taking Online Courses More Likely to Fail by clong & Mary Ellen Flannery in neatoday.org , July 26, 2011. 2011.

MEHTA, SANJAY S., JOHN J. They fail or drop out because they have financial problems or do not interact that much with their instructors. Brain Basics: Understanding Sleep by National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

See. 2012.

See: Kansas College Students Taking 6 Years to Graduate by Arianna Cohen, Feb 18, 2014. Student responsibility is demonstrated when students make choices and take actions which lead them toward their educational goals.” Lastly, not at all, in addition to student responsibility, the parents or the members of the schools have to talk to the teenage college students about how alcohol can cause them troubles. July 4, 2012, lesterleung.wordpress.com. However, it does not have an absolute relationship with student’s behavior in every school but almost or mostly have a relationship with it because the one exception was the non-government school in a high SES area. Cherif, Gerald E. March 10, 2014.

Kelsey Sheehy, an education reporter at U.S. 2011

Aspergers Checklist: Cognitive Issues in myaspergerschild.com, “N.D” January 13, 2014.

See. http://studentaffairs.com/ejournal/Spring_2002/files/CentralFlorida.htm

Rob Ramaker, Guy Ackermans, and Pascal Tieman in Ressource for Wageningen Students and employee. There are 115,000 graduates who are janitors,”(Tunney). Learn. As Chris Denhart shows, “Legislators can consider tying state funding in part on graduation rate. 3, 2014.

See: Sleep Habits: More Important Than You Think, Chronic Sleep Deprivation May Harm Health by Michael J. Cognitive Flexibility In A Forensic Population (Doctoral dissertation, Pacific University). Additionally, scientists have tried to find out what is the correlation between IQ and GPA scores and SAT scores. Students have to set goal. Thursday, May 8, 2014.

Postman, Joel. 17Oct. Today. 19. UDC: 159.944.4.072-057.875(497.11)”2011/2012″ DOI: 10.7595/management.fon.2012.0019.October 30, 2013.

The Effects of Excessive Absenteeism in Schools by Malikah Walters,”an English professor, and has been instructing English and education courses at the college level since 2008. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 9, 2013.

See. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy. 16 Oct. Another factor dragging down the performance of minority students, according to the report, is the fear of fulfilling a negative stereotype. The think tank uses these professor ratings when it compiles its annual college rankings for Forbes.

Myers, Brandi. 2012.

News-Journal Staff. October 25, 2013.

News Digest &Neil Sturomski “Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities &Teaching Students With Learning Disabilities To Use Learning Strategies” NICHCY. 23rd 2007. “AC 2012-4382: FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENT FRUSTRATION LEVEL IN INTRODUCTORY LABORATORY EXPERIENCES.” Sept 20, 2012.

L. Feb. Latinos are in between, and white men report the lowest levels of engagement at almost every level but the most success according to a report released on Wednesday by the Center for Community College Student Engagement at the University of Texas,” as it is stated in the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education. Socialmediatoday.com. 22. Wed. “Depression and College Students, Answers to college students’ frequently asked questions about depression”. Fortunately, it seems to be conceivable that low-income students seem to start receiving help. “Loneliness and Depression Levels of Students Us?ng a University Counseling Center,” Education and Science. October 25, 2013.

According to Patricia M. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: Your Child: ADHD LD Online: ADHD: Building Academic SuccessThe Washington Post: The Answer Sheet: How Schools (Even Great Ones) Fail Kids With ADHD The New York Times: Health: Attention Deficity Disorder or Not, Pills Help in School. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunningin the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014). In addition to that, lack of sleep is negatively affecting many students’ learning capabilities. In many ways, college life is representative of reality, and all you’ll learn from leaving is that you quit when things got tough. D., Montreal, QC, “Understanding Learning Disabilities?” LDhope.com. As an example, according to Oona Goodin-Smith, Oakland University and Daniel Rader, Ohio University of the article titled Students Break the Bank to Buy Their Books, “While Jin ultimately bit the bullet to buy the book, according to the USPIRG, 65% of college students have opted to forgo purchasing class texts ‘because it was too expensive.’ Of these students, 94% had concerns that doing so ‘would hurt their grade in a course.’ The study concludes that the high prices of the books ultimately affect students’ decisions on the number and type of classes they take each semester.” In addition to that, they do not like school. Rumberger , University of California, Santa Barbara. Feb. Prev Chronic Dis. We investigated whether the management of event files, and particularly the speed of updating the binding between the task-relevant stimulus feature and the response, correlates with fluid intelligence. October 14, 2013.

See: The Link between Suspension and Dropout in edutopia

Michele Heister in the article titled Dropout

Data and Statistics in the 2008-2009 school year data by the Division of Data

Quality in PA or Pennsylvania Department of Education in PIMSPennsylvania Department of Education – Division of Data Quality

333 Market

Street | Harrisburg, PA 17126-0333

Phone: 717.787.2644 | Fax: 717.787.3148 |

TTY: 717.783.8445

Ra-DDQDataCollection@pa.gov | www.education.state.pa.us

Publicagenda.org in the article titled Parents Want to Be Involved in Children’s Education Yet Don’t Understand Key Factors Affecting Public Education Quality, Survey Shows Few Know What Children Should be Learning or How Schools Function and Rank; Only 50 Percent Want Children to Have More Challenging Courses. In addition to that, Katherine Mangan shows in the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges in The Chronic of Higher Education that “one contributing factor to the pattern: Minority students tend to enter college with weaker academic skills. George Boeree. Web. This process is accomplished by administering the test to a representative sample and using these scores to establish standards, usually referred to as norms, by which all individual scores can be compared. In addition to the problems that computer or internet addiction causes that have been stated above, Emre Balkan Cyprus and Dr. October 13, 2013.

Plagerism.org, Facts & Stats, Academic Integrity in College and Graduate School, plagiarism.org. Many students have to realize that 21 is the minimum drinking age or do not drink or smoke or use drugs at all. 2012.

See: College Students Can Learn To Drink Less, If Schools Help by Maanvi Singh, January 28, 2014. October16, 2013.

Engle, Jennifer. 17 Oct.2011.</em> Leonhardt,

Mann, Dale. If the correlation between IQ and SAT was zero, it would mean that knowing someone’s IQ would give you no clue as to how well they will do on their SATs – the one doesn’t predict the other. September 28, 2012.

DiLallo, Emma, “Students Go to College But Not Go to Class.” Blogpost.com. Students also need to care about themselves and their education by setting expectations and achievable goals for themselves. in Depressive Symptoms and Romantic Relationship Qualities from Adolescence through Emerging Adulthood: A Longitudinal Examination of Influences in the National Institute of Health Public Access Policy. 2012.

Examiner in Why Poor Time Management Could Be a Huge Enemy in a College Relationship, February 17, 2010. Student Life, the Independent Newspaper of Washington in St Louis since 1878. 2011. . Students can also involve in activities that can help them combating with depression. Timothy A. in What Parents Need to Know About Dyslexia (Reading Disability) in American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus: http://www.aapos.org/resources/learning_disabilities_/ Feb. Dec. The pace in college is much faster; one test will cover up to four chapters from a book. “College Students Eating Habits” by Erika Wilhite in eCorsair.

David.<em>”</em>Colleges Are Failing in Graduation Rates.”<em>nytimes.com</em>.. 60-65, January 2012 © 2012 ACADEMY PUBLISHER Manufactured in Finland. Gawlik. Smillie).

Alcantara, Chris “University of Florida Students Caught Cheating on Computer Science Projects.” Alligator.org. 11 2012. November 11. He shows that “Psychologist Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences states that intelligence can be broken down into 8 distinct components: logical, spatial, linguistic, interpersonal, naturalist, kinaesthetic, musical, and intrapersonal. Academic Performance and College Dropout: Using Longitudinal Expectations Data to Estimate a Learning Model NBER Working Papers DOI: 10.3386/w18945

See. They lack goals, which Dale Schunk say “may be cast as absolute or normative.” He says, “An absolute goal has a fixed standard, such as reading one chapter in a book in one hour. Daniel T. . ‘It may be, he said, that as ‘they have difficulty getting the classes they need … October 17, 2013.

Kidshealth.” What Is Plagerism?” Kidhealth.org. Some students have/aspire to become a physician . For cheating to be reduced, instead of seeing cheating as something that can’t be done, they must come to recognize that it should not be done. XIII International Symposium SymOrg 2012, 05 – 09 June 2012, Zlatibor, Serbia. Fozdar, Kumar & Kannan ~ A Survey of a Study on the Reasons Responsible for Student Dropout from the Bachelor of Science Programme at Indira Gandhi National Open University. “N.p” Mar. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: FINDINGS FROM THE 1999 LIFESTYLES SURVEY by Patricia M. Federal Trade Commission in the article titled Dangers of Teen Drinking.

Qaissaunee, Michael.”Study Shows College Students Who Text Not Paying Attention to Lectures ,” Friday, April 20, 2012. Womble of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte in IMPACT OF STRESS FACTORS ON COLLEGE STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE. “ND” August 20, 2012.

Slaboch, Kate. 15. We can also find ways to help many of them performing well in school or gaining test taking strategies skills or organizational skills or to prevent them from getting pregnant or married or from having a dissatisfaction for school, help them managing their time properly or interacting with their professors, or try to help them with their families’ responsibilities or to provide a better teaching style that can help students with learning disabilities or dyslexia. August 22, 2012.

“Eligibility for enrollment in less-selective four-year institutions typically includes a high school diploma and additional college-preparatory coursework. “Academic Cheating Fact Sheet.” Standford.edu/class. Connection Between Alcohol and Drugs in Alchoolrehab, Dara Thailand.

Sheryl M. 2006 Dec;13(6):1043-8. “Plagerism Lines Blur for Students in Digital Age.” Nytimes.com The New York Times. February 14, 2012. 15. According to Ethan Yazzie-Mintz in the article titled Students Are Bored, Many Skip School, Lack Adult Support, “Seventy-three percent of students who have considered dropping out said it was because ‘I didn’t like the school.” They get suspended in school, or they lack confidence or have a language barrier. December 30. 2012.

Elizabeth Walcot-Gayda, Ph. L. March 16, 2012. To differentiate yourself you have to learn in demand skills-a credential isn’t going to get you very far anymore” (Tunney). http://www.marketwatch.com/story/this-is-the-biggest-challenge-facing-first-year-college-students-2015-10-16.

Academically Adrift: Limited Learning on College Campuses By Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011, Thought & Action Fall 2011. ” Postsecondary Access And Success for First-Generation College Students.” Aft.org. Intelligence can also be measured by the way that someone performs in school or based on his or her memory. March 5, 2014. Web: perfectionlearning.com. What faculties say.”Faculty members perceive that the three main root-cause factors for students failing are (1) student-related factors, which were mentioned 415 times, or 68 percent of the responses; (2) life and socioeconomic issues, which were mentioned 70 times, or 12 percent of the responses; and (3) failures of the educational system, which were mentioned 125 times or 20 percent of the responses” (Abour H. 2, No. This means that 68 percent of scores fall within one standard deviation of the mean (that is, between 85 and 115), and 95 percent of scores fall within two standard deviations (between 70 and 130)”(Cherry). October 15, 2013.

Fear of Failure Can Affect Student’s Motivation and Attitude to Learn in University Herald, Sept 27, 2014. Mar. We can help them. ‘And it’s crucial for school leaders and policy makers to be realistic about how much work we need to do to help parents participate more fully in their children’s education.’” In addition to parental involvement, many students have to stop cheating. <em>homeworktips.about.com. Fortunately, for example, “The Long Beach campus received more than 83,500 undergraduate applications for fall 2014, among the highest count in the nation. HACKER , College costs rising more rapidly for poorer students, analysis shows, idahostatesman, Nation/World News. 65 % of those polled saying Hitting deadlines had led to problems. Health And Human Health Library. It appears that many of the students are struggling to buy the healthy foods like fruits and vegetables and lean meats and this could affect their weight, although our study cannot confirm that.’” They choose inappropriate school or do not assume their responsibility or ask question in class when they do not understand. January 11, 2014.

Cynthia G Schott of the University of Florida and Gerald C. 10, 2013. Department of Justice.

The Benefits of Smaller Classes by Leonie Haimson, Executive Director, Class Size Matters, June 2010; available at www.classsizematters.org/benefits, Feb. As a matter of fact, there are many possible ways that intelligence can be measured, and there are many different disciplines in intelligence. Cherif, Gerald E. Oct 5 2009. 19. 8, 2014.

See: The Correlation between General Self-Confidence and Academic Achievement in the Oral Presentation Course by Safaa Mohammad Al-Hebaish , Department of Curricula and Teaching Methods, Faculty of education, Taibah University, P.O. January 13, 2015. May 15, 2012.

Loneliness among College Students James J. Education and parental involvement in secondary schools: Problems, solutions, and effects. October 13, 2013.

WHAT RESEARCH SAYS ABOUT PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN CHILDREN’S EDUCATION In Relation to Academic Achievement by Michigan Department of Education. They are not that much good or fail to assume responsibility. http://aboutus.aju.edu/Default.aspx?id=8762

Panasci , Lucia. 10, 2013. Jan. 05/09/2013, October 8, 2013. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. Vujeva, M.A. December 8, 2013.

Harry Harrison in Getting Students from Low Income Households into College in kidsinthehouse.

Cyrus R. He has published many short stories and essays, especially about relationship or love, literature review, education, and politics. March 8, 2012. in Self-esteem: The Cause and Effect of Success for the Child with Learning Differences, http://www.ricklavoie.com/selfesteemart.html. There are seven major disciplines: human intelligence, imagery intelligence, measurement and signature intelligence, signals intelligence, open-source intelligence, technical intelligence, and counterintelligence.” Scientists have been analyzed some tests that can help measuring intelligence. Students are pregnant. “In some cases, the particular way a professor grades can impact a student. “The concept of intelligence as a single entity was first put forth by an English psychologist named Charles Spearmen in the early 20th century. Black men are the most engaged in tutoring and orientation sessions but report the least success. 15 June 2012. 19. Educational Psychology Interactive. White Time Business & Money: Nov. Jeffreys 2012. December 10, 2013.

Chris Denhart, a Forbes Staff, The Rise And Fail Of The Five-Year College Degree, July 25, 2013. 2009. He was Medical Case Manager at FoundCare’s and Recreation Leader, Child Care Provider, at Boca Raton Community Middle School. Canlas

See: lawstuff.org in the article Discrimination at School, “N.D” December 7, 2013.

Kids Fail Less When They Know Failure Is Part of Learning, Study Finds in ABC news by Mikaela Conley, Mar 14, 2012. http://nextshark.com/15-reasons-why-you-should-drop-out-of-college/

Detroit.cbslocal, Young & Free Michigan Helps Students Pay For College, January 28, 2014. Legislators have to stand up. 17 2011

Why Science Majors Change Their Minds (It’s Just So Darn Hard) by CHRISTOPHER DREW in The New York Times, Published: November 4, 2011. Taras, Howard, “Poor Sleep, Poor Grade.” Findarticle.com. Web. Students have more responsibilities. For some students, getting an F in classes is no longer something to be ashamed of but a cool thing that you must experience before leaving college.”They are not that much intelligent. EBSCO. 28, 2014. 1997. “College Students with Children,” “Sources: Johnson, Jean et al. “Students that are active on campus and have interactions with faculty and students outside of the classroom are more likely to pass (and graduate).Universities and faculties need to attempt to foster these connections as much as they can. Effects of Sexual Harassment by Women Center in Northwestern.

College Students Lack Critical Thinking Skills, But Who’s To Blame? Tuesday, January 18, 2011. “College Students Don’t Study as Much as They Should,” Good Education News. Kakuma News Reflector – A Refugee Free Press. Most of them do not sleep adequately

Top 5 Betfair Horse Racing Trading Tips For Beginners

If you place a bet and the market moves against you, don’t hold on and on, hoping it will come back into profit, eventually letting the race start – you will end up losing a large chunk of cash.

Essentially what happens is a bettor on Betfair will place a large bet on one side of the book – let’s say it’s on the back side, as that is the usual scenario (although it does happen frequently both ways).

For instance, Horse A is running in the 5:10 at Galway. This can of course be repeated until the market catches up.

1) Follow The Money. Fact. Certainly I got caught out a number of times when I first started. The trick is to watch for the build up of these positions – comes with practise – and dip in ahead of them, then ride the price movement to a nice profit.

4) Look Out For “Spoofers”. If there is a significant amount on the back side of the book, the price is going to ger shorter (get lower). Similarly, if there is a large amount on the lay side, the price is likely to go out (get higher). This is where you place your bet – a lay stake at 13.0 to 13.5. Indeed, how you take your losses – and there will be some – is just as important as making the wins count. This causes all the traders who got in thinking they could ride the back side to jump ship, forcing the price out even more as each one fights to minimise their loses. If the market does move against you it is still easy enough to close out for zero loss.

Just a few pre-tips beforehand: The best time to trade a race is around 10 minutes before the off. I know I did, but it is a stupidly risky thing to do and should be avoided at all costs. Now, I understand that many of you will ignore this. Nonetheless, this is one of the more fullproof ways of making small, consistent profits.

2) Look Out For “Gaps” In The Market.

Alright, so you’ve got yourself a Betfair account, you’ve downloaded Bet Angel or Gruss as your betting interface, had a little dabble, but still aren’t sure what you need to be looking for in order to start making some money. This is much easier to do using the “Ladder” interface view on Gruss or Bet Angel. While not as useful a tool as it once was, exploiting “gaps” can still be a very profitable addition to any betting system. Its price is 12.0 on the lay side and 20.0 on the backside. This is when the action starts and liquidity markedly increases. Now, this bettor who has placed the large bet, takes these back bets, lets it run for a little while, then places a series of large lay bets, forcing the price back out. You can also “feel” that the market isn’t moving as it should, as the back bets are often gobbled up faster than you would expect.

For example, you see Horse A is trading at 7.0 on the lay side and 7.6 on the back side. You now place bets at 7.2 and 7.4, meaning you in essence control both sides of the book and it’s very likely both sides will be taken, leaving you with a small profit. Consistency is the key.

It’s worth pointing out that these types of bet can take some time to be filled, and practise is needed if the price starts bouncing around. Well, here are my top tips on how to “read” the pre-race horse racing markets and as such start to make a profit, while minimising the potential for losses.. Essentially, what you need to look out for are two empty price increments. This will cause a number of traders to pile in ahead of it (following the money), forcing the price down. You notice that there have been a few nibbles at around 13.0. Horse racing prices move where the money dictates. And it’s tax free. It’s probably a good idea to trade horses with prices between 10.0 to 17.0 to start with, as at these levels the market is easier to “read”. This is more suited to Irish racing, where there is lower liquidity, meaning price movements are far more pronounced. Simply take the loss and move on.

With practise, this technique is relatively easy to spot, as spoofers tend to use far larger sums that is usual on Betfair. If it gets taken, you then place a back bet at anywhere between 16 and 18, and if that gets taken you secure a nice profit. 5) DO NOT, UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES, LET YOUR BET GO IN-RUNNING. Note also that making around £2 to £3 per race would give you a profit at the end of the day of around £50 – not bad for a few hours work. If you lose, don’t let it upset you, simply forget about it and move on to the next race…

3) Speculate On Large Price Movements. This tip involves looking for large gaps in the market, seeing where money has been taken (a feature of the betting software) and placing your bet accordingly. This is something to watch out for when following Tip 1 on this list

Betfair Lay Betting Tips And Secrets

They will never lay bet with money that is needed for other important things like household bills, only using money that is set aside purely for their lay betting activities. By taking bets from people in this traditional way enables the bookies to make millions of pounds profit each year. This fact is undoubtedly true, but with some important differences. If the outcome of the event that you lay bet does indeed lose, then you get to keep the stake money just like the bookmaker. Since the introduction of betting exchanges such as Betfair, you now have the unique opportunity to lay bets in the same way as a bookmaker. Well it is easy to do, but you need to make confident lay bets based on sound judgement and analysis, always making sure that you are completely familiar with the type of event you are lay betting, no lay betting on whims, or hunches.

-Lawrence Taylor-

Well, it depends on what you expect to achieve from lay betting, also what your general betting expectations are. Thank you very much for reading this article.

There is one very important thing that most ‘backers’ and ‘layers’ are likely to have in common – they both want to make as much money as possible in the shortest possible amount of time. For handing over a relatively small amount of cash,combined with the exciting prospect of a possible good win looming, the temptation can be simply too much to resist.

If you place a ‘back’ bet with a bookmaker in the usual way and the bet wins, the bookmaker will pay out your winnings. Sticking rigidly to a good solid staking plan they will never over commit themselves.

Now, I am not suggesting that every backer falls into the above categories. You become the ‘layer’.

If you can make money from lay betting in the same way as a bookie, by being a ‘layer’, why would anyone want to be a ‘backer’?

Someone looking for a ‘quick fix’, knowing that each time they make a back bet the odds are stacked firmly against them, they are lured into ‘backing’ based purely on a hunch, or a betting tip, maybe from a mate at work. The strange thing is that they follow this same pattern race after race, day after day, week in week out ‘ and the bookies love them!

Betfair Lay Betting Tips And Secrets – Are You A Backer Or A Layer?

 by: Lawrence Taylor

On the other hand, the experienced and clued up ‘layer’ will have complete confidence in their selection process, whilst adopting a highly disciplined and professional approach to their lay betting. If the bet loses then the bookmaker will keep your stake money. Let me explain …

If you enter a bookmaker’s premises you will often observe many ‘gamblers’ with their lists of lucky numbers, betting tips, hot tips etc, going about the same routine always used to make their selections. This is realistically achievable. The ‘layer’ will not be expecting to make a killing from just one lay bet, therefore is likely to be more patient and better prepared, safe in the knowledge that the Betfair lay bet is readily available.

Now we all know that it’s much more difficult to pick a winner, than it is to pick a loser. You become the ‘backer’.

Therefore, you might want an answer to this question:-

Patience will play a big part in all successful ‘layers’, their attitude to risk will be much better adjusted, knowing that their profit will come over a period of time by strictly following a good staking plan, they will only lay bet when their system indicates a strong lay betting opportunity.

If your aim is to be highly successful at lay betting on Betfair, you should be looking to achieve a win rate of around 9 times out of 10. A couple of minutes before each race, they hurriedly glance through the race card, make their selection then run to the counter to place their back bet, then invariably watch it lose. If so, I wish you luck because you have done extremely well, but you are very much in the minority.

As people say “you don’t see a poor bookie very often”.

It will come as no surprise to you that I am most definitely a ‘layer’. . The lay bet – typical ‘layers’ attitude …

Which one are you?

The back bet – typical ‘backers’ attitude …

I do hope this helps you to decide whether you are a ‘backer’ or a ‘layer’. Sometimes, ‘backers’ will strive to put in the extra work needed, helping them with their final betting selections, by analysing stats, studying form, maybe taking advice, of following good quality betting tips etc.

If you fall into this category because you have developed your own unique method for selecting that really hot horse in a race, or statistics might be your thing, giving you a profitable edge to your favourite sport before you decide on that all important back bet. Remember you are looking for losers, not winners.

Sometimes, this greatly increased chance of a successful lay bet can lure the inexperienced layer into the trap of thinking that lay betting is easy. Therefore, unlike the ‘backer’, the odds are stacked very much in the ‘layers’ favour as far as the probability of a successful lay bet is concerned.

A ‘layer’ is the complete opposite of a ‘backer’, it’s basically the same as playing the role of the bookmaker

“Arbitrage”: Critics rate Richard Gere’s new film

Peter Travers of Rolling Stone: “Richard Gere’s performance in the sinfully entertaining ‘Arbitrage’ is too good to ignore…he is at the peak of his powers.”

Pictures: Richard Gere

Watch: Gere and Sarandon discuss their new film, “Arbitrage”

Pictures: Fall Film Preview 2012

(CBS News) Richard Gere is back in the shoes of an investor powerhouse, portraying fictional New York hedge fund magnate Robert Miller in “Arbitrage,” which hits theaters today. Clint Eastwood’s chair has a better shot at an Oscar nomination.”

Roger Ebert of The Chicago Sun-Times: “Hitchcock called his most familiar subject ‘The Innocent Man Wrongly Accused.’ Jarecki pumps up the pressure here by giving us a Guilty Man Accurately Accused, and that’s what makes the film so ingeniously involving.”

© 2012 CBS Interactive Inc. But why grade on a curve? Every episode of ‘Law & Order’ I’ve ever seen has a more complicated and plausible plot, punchier dialogue and more New York authenticity, all in less than half the time consumed by this poky would-be finance thriller.”

But not everyone agrees.

Richard Gere in a scene from “Arbitrage.”

Christy Lemmire of The Associated Press: “Gere is so charming, so irresistible when he’s on top of the world – when he’s got all those plates humming in unison – that he kind of makes you root for his character to get away with it all.”

Gere has attracted attention for his acting in the film, with Manohla Dargis of The New York Times noting, “Mr. The New York Post’s Klye Smith wrote, “And as for that so-called Oscar buzz for Mr. He’s the film’s most deluxe item.”


See what else critics are saying:

Mary F. Gere, allow me to apply a little buzzicidal ointment.

AP Photo/Roadside Attractions

Peter Debruge of Variety: “Between this cast and the conviction Jarecki brings to the table, the film feels incredibly accomplished for a first feature.”

The 63-year-old “Pretty Woman” actor stars alongside Susan Sarandon and Tim Roth in the drama about a man desperate to complete the sale of his trading empire. Pols of TIME: “The main reason to see ‘Arbitrage’ is Gere, whose steady improvement with age (he just turned 63) is not remarked upon enough.”

The critics have chimed in on the new Nicholas Jarecki-directed film, with Rotten Tomatoes giving “Arbitrage” a very respectable 81 percent rating. Gere and Sarandon previously appeared together on the big screen in the 2004 romantic comedy “Shall We Dance.”

Kyle Smith of The New York Post gave it 2 out of 4 stars: “‘Arbitrage’ is a decent enough way to spend your time compared to, say, waiting on line at the grocery story. Gere is one of cinema’s great walkers, graced with a suggestively predatory physical suppleness, and he slips through the movie like a panther. All Rights Reserved. He ends up making a mistake that forces him to turn to an unlikely person for help

List of Animals Affected and Endangered by the Gulf of Mexico BP Oil Spill

Of the seven

remaining sea turtle species on Earth, five are present in the Gulf of Mexico. All of the turtle species

in the Gulf use the soft sand beaches in the region to build their nests. Over

the centuries, human development of these areas has made nesting areas harder

to find, and contamination by oil washing ashore will only lower the chances

that some of these marine turtle species can survive in the Gulf

of Mexico..

Already listed as endangered

around the globe, the turtle species that inhabit the Gulf

of Mexico are further threatened by the oil spill. When dispersants

are used to drive floating oil to the bottom of the Gulf, these seabeds become contaminated. The most endangered of these species, the

Kemp’s ridley turtle, nests along the beaches of the Gulf in the early summer,

and the area immediately surrounding the damaged oil pipe was one of this

turtle’s last remaining feeding grounds in the Gulf.

Inhalation of toxic fumes from the BP oil spill when

the turtles surface to breath can also prove deadly.

Dangers to sea turtles from

spilled oil include contamination of the fish and other small animals they eat,

as well as damage to underwater seaweed beds where they feed

Make Money from Home with Ebay- Ebay Arbitrage Strategies

They make their money off the flux in prices in the marketplace.

How to Make Money on Ebay

After you have established that you have an item which is potentially profitable, you can go ahead and place your bid. If you are careful in your research and look for high quality, high profit margin items to resell you will easily be able to generate a solid income through the use of Ebay arbitrage. As a rule, auctions closing during the evening hours throughout the week and during daytime hours to early evenings on the weekends do the best price wise. First, it helps if you have an idea of what collectibles and other unique goods are worth. Autobid allows you to make your initial bid and then authorize your bids to rise at a set amount if someone else out bids your offer. Another advantage of using the autobid feature is that you do not need to baby sit the auctions you are bidding on at any time, the program does it for you. Go to the advanced search section, put in the description title of the item as it is listed and tick the box which shows closed auctions.

One of the best make home from money with Ebay strategies ever is Ebay Arbitrage. As soon as you have sent your payment, rewrite and relist the item for auction. If you have enough money to let your items sit around for awhile before you resell them, making use of an Ebay store rather than auctions is a good way to go. Look for items with at least 200% markup wherever possible and a solid history of 50% or better auctions closing as sales. Do give yourself every opportunity to improve the selling price of your Ebay auction listings. Focusing on unique products with high desirability will allow you to turn over your merchandise quickly enough to keep even the most rabid bargain hunter browsing through your Ebay stores looking for your best and latest deals.

Upon winning an item you should make your payment immediately to the seller via Paypal to speed the transaction. The higher your potential profit margin, the lower you can list your auctions to guarantee the auction will close with bids. Everyone loves a deal on Ebay. You will also need to take the condition of the item and the number of listing competing into consideration when making your selections. With autobid, you set the upper limit of your bidding range so there is no worry that you will end up paying more than you wanted to for the item. Some people elect to do both, turning the more expensive parts of their merchandise around more quickly by listing a portion of their items at auction and then promoting their store via their auction listings. The only thing you are after is a way under priced product that you can relist immediately and resell quickly for a profit. Utilizing both a storefront to lower selling costs and auction listings for fast product turn over and store promotion is a useful strategy.

Making money selling with Ebay arbitrage is not difficult, but you will need a few basic skills to get you started. Provide one and you will make the sale.

. Knowing your prices is helpful, but not essential to your success. In general though, auctions closing at less peak traffic times or on slower days will be where the values are most easily found. If you question the worth of a product you are considering buying, your best bet is to sign into your Ebay account and do a search for the item you are considering purchasing for immediate resale. Take a look at the auction listings and see how the ones with the highest closing prices were written and then incorporate the basic layout in your auction listing.

What You Will Need to Make Money on Ebay with Arbitrage

Arbitrage on Ebay is just exactly what you may be thinking.

Make money with Ebay at home is both an excellent and legitimate way to earn extra money fast. What is arbitrage exactly? The term arbitrage comes from the financial world and means the simultaneous purchase and sale of the same product or commodity. Time is money, so limit the amount of time the item is in your possession to maximize your profitability.

The higher your potential profit margins the better your chances of making a solid return on your investment for your time. One other point, your auction listings must also close with enough time for you to have the item mailed to you before you can reship it to another, so be careful of your time frames. You look for very low priced items at auction which are closing soon and are a steal to purchase. Usually these items have very poorly written auction listings, new sellers, or sellers with questionable feedback ratings. The easiest way to do this and avoid auction fever, with the resulting over payment, is to set up autobid. Ebay stores are much less expensive for volume listings and will result in lower overall selling fees increasing your profit margins. Be certain to make your auction listing better than the one that did not sell, or adjust the closing time of the auction a bit to help improve the selling price. People who make money from arbitrage buy low and sell at a higher rate without holding onto the product or commodity for more time than is absolutely necessary. Even more astonishing is how rapidly you can build a full store inventory of highly profitable items with very little front money. Make the decision on an item and move on looking for other great items to resell.

Another way to improve the profitability of your Ebay business is to decrease the cost of your Ebay listing fees. You are looking for items with huge value that you can pick up for a pittance, relist either at auction or in an Ebay store immediately and resell quickly. Most auctions closing in prime time will go for prices either at or above market value, although some will close lower than they should. You take your profit margins off the difference between what you buy for, what you sell for, less your listing and closing fees.

Once you have done your basic price research, you will know the possible upside potential of the items you are thinking about buying to resell. If you have some money to invest and don’t mind waiting a bit to maximize your returns selling through an Ebay store is a good way to accomplish your goals. Your search will now bring up the history of the closing prices of similar items and what they have closed for

Price Per Head, The Top Wagering Software Provider, Counts With A Team Of Professionals Ready To Contribute To The Success Of A Bookmaker’s Busin

We actually base our services in terms of usage, which means that you only need to pay a weekly fee per each client that had actually utilized either our internet or phone solutions and not for those whom were not active in a given week. We have also expanded our range of solutions and now we count with bilingual individuals whom speak Mandarin, Cantonese and Spanish, therefore, bookmakers whom have handled their businesses to us can also look at different worldwide markets and trust in us to deliver a noteworthy service.. In order to offer the best possible solutions to our clients (including our sought-after wagering software), at price per head .com we have created strategic relationships with service providers in order to count with an advantage that can allow us to enhance a bookmaker’s business optimally thanks to the usage of cutting-edge internet and telephone systems.

The attainment of reliable business processing outsourcing has never been easier for bookies as now they count with top overseas providers such as price per head .com, a company that is constantly striving to implement new ways of delivering professional services to those agents whom are ready to expand their horizons and increase their profits effortlessly.

We have carefully chosen each individual that is working for our organization as we want to count with only the best prospects in the business, and, since we are an offshore company, we are able to afford to hire them thanks to the amount of money we save by operating in a country such as Costa Rica, where favorable laws towards gambling prevents us from being attached to onshore taxes.

We foster healthy servicing policies amongst our clerks in order to serve bookies in the best possible way in terms of amiability and efficiency, which allows agents to increase their clientele base thanks to word-of-mouth publicity coming from their existent customers.

Our wagering software, which was created by our own team of developers, is sure to please the needs of even the most demanding bookmakers as we have combined the expertise of our senior management team with the skills of experienced computer specialists to create a product that is based on productivity and that is also quite simple in terms of usage.

When it comes to our Internet solutions, we count with a team of prestigious web designers whom are ready to work with the bookmaker in order to create a customized website that allows him to promote his business across the internet without the need of worrying about paying for hosting or domain names, as all of this is part of the offered package.

When dealing with us, you can be sure that every single product and service delivered by our company is going to be cost-effective; therefore, you do not have to worry about paying high sums of money. For more information, just give us a call, and we will work out the rest.

Since we handle high customer relationship management standards, we work with native English speakers as our service strategy is based on being proficient on every single call

Advice :: Internet Addiction | ArticleBiz.com

It may be a private method for indulging in what is actually a gambling or pornography addiction. The most important step is to force the individual to see there is a serious problem. Hyde.” They are horrible to live with offline, but as long as they have that connection, they are relatively normal.. What is it that causes this? What are the symptoms? Many people mistakenly believe it’s merely a penchant for checking email or losing track of time while playing a game.

The greatest tragedy to it all is that those around the addicted individual are the real victims. The “fix” is pretending to be someone else. They may exhibit personality qualities much like “Dr. The addicted individual withdraws from real people and becomes more focused with individuals they know online. Internet addiction is a very real condition that affects households worldwide. The best time to act is now. It may be serious problems in the workplace due to inattention or inactivity. This form of addiction is completely psychological. Some may have complete alter identities through the internet. Jekyll / Mr.

It’s fairly easy to spot internet addiction. They often make excuses to stay home more, but when they are home, they may seem apprehensive or depressed until they can find a good reason to go online.

It often requires professional help to break internet addiction. Substance abusers may find it easier to purchase their drug of choice through the internet. Most internet addicts do have an ulterior motive for being online so much. Internet addiction is completely curable and there’s no reason to endure it any longer.

Fighting Internet Addiction

Any addiction becomes an actual “addiction” when it negatively affects the lives of both the addict and all those around them. Many internet addicts, however, aren’t classified with any of these more typical vices. Internet addiction is not the same and it’s consequences can be far more devastating. If you try to talk to them, you will be ignored. This can be skyrocketing bills from gambling or substances.

There are individuals who like to use the internet as a method of escape from their daily lives. Many will not even stop to talk with people who are visiting. They see the mood swings and make excuses to others. They must not only endure the emotional “mess” they must clean up after their loved one.

They want complete privacy when they are online. It may be issues at school with children. They watch their loved ones morph into someone else. Internet addiction has taken so many years to become established due to the disbelief many have over its legitimacy

Gbgc Provide Industry Trends And Statistics Gaming

Statistics Gaming explains that it has been proved as the most powerful addictive activity to keep the online gamblers on moving path with various kinds of gambling activities of whether they can earn or lose in great deal.

Author’s Bio: 

Industry trends are the most up and coming trends to make you eligible for playing online games successfully. The most important decision to gamble a certain amount of money is based on three factors namely; the predictability of the event, how much to bet and the conditions agreed upon between the gamblers. It also shows that more and more people love to play very well in virtual casino gambling, especially for those people, who have grown to love casino and video games.

Warwick Bartlett is experienced writer, who will tell you that Statistics Gaming is the most suitable way to play gambling games in the virtual casinos. It is the loveliest activity for playing games very well. It is playing an important role for introducing online gambling with excellent features. It is more competitive and professional game performed well by the online game players. The proficiency of a gambler lies in performing the calculation between three parameters and making a brand decision about what amount should be kept on venture and how much to expect in the return.. Today, internet gambling statistics have also predicted that Industry Trends are the latest trends that make you eligible for playing online games successfully. Industry Trends are the latest trends to make you eligible for online playing games.

Gambling is the most indispensable event to the betting of money on an event with an uncertain outcome with intention of winning extra money. Dice based games, card games and coin tossing games are the most popular non casino based forms of gambling:- sports betting and arbitrage betting are the most up-and-coming kinds of gambling. Recently, global market is very competitive, so online gamblers should be kept you up to dated and informed about the changing trends of playing various kinds of games around the world. It is very latest internet betting, which is getting a lot of popularity among youngsters from all walks of life, young people and older people.

Statistics gaming demonstrates that online casino is getting a lot of popularity across the world.

Nowadays, games are offered in casinos, Red dog and blackjack, the table games like poker as also electronic games like Slot Machine and Video poker are the most common types of gambling. These trends are extremely treasured by worldwide players. Today, computer technology is the most powerful form of entertainment and recreation and many more games. Nowadays, internet gambling is the most popular game activity played very well around the world

The Pros And Cons Of Corruption

3.. The structural roots of corruption should be tackled rather than merely its symptoms.

Hence also the involvement of the World Bank and the IMF in fighting corruption. The otherwise opaque Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum is now championing transparency and good governance. I suggested this cumulative definition:

As most kleptomaniac politicians are also psychopaths, they rarely feel remorse or fear the consequences of their misdeeds.

In Australia, Austria, Ireland, Hong-Kong, New Zealand, Singapore, United Kingdom, South Africa, United States and the Netherlands alleged and suspected criminals, their family members, friends, employees, and partners can be stripped of their assets even for crimes they have committed in other countries and even if they have merely made use of revenues obtained from illicit activities (this is called “in rem, or property-based confiscation”). Vincent, the US Virgin Islands, and Vanuatu still resist the pressure to join in the efforts to trace and seize suspects’ assets and bank accounts in the absence of a conviction or even charges.

History shows that all effective programs shared these common elements:

But these mundane reasons fail to explain why some officeholders go on a rampage and binge on endless quantities of lucre.

The UK’s Assets Recovery Agency (ARA) that is in charge of enforcing the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002, had this chilling statement to make on May 24, 2007:

Venezuela has recently reformed its Organic Tax Code to allow for:

We can classify corrupt and venal behaviors according to their outcomes:

The defendant’s bank accounts will also be scanned for evidence of spending and any expenditure on unidentified assets (and in some cases identified assets) is also likely to be included as alleged criminal benefit. (T)he individual may hoard the stolen objects …”. In many developing countries and countries in transition, assets confiscated from real and alleged criminals and tax evaders are sold in fake auctions to party hacks, cronies, police officers, tax inspectors, and relatives of prominent politicians at bargain basement prices. These measures will be applied in addition to the attachment or sequestration of personal property and the prohibition against alienation or encumbrance of realty. Others do it in order to reward their nearest and dearest or to maintain a lavish lifestyle when their political lives are over. They could no more stop thieving than Hitler could stop murdering. Rather they are of the nature of compulsive collections.

2.. Asset Confiscation and Asset Forfeiture

The Act applies to all American firms, to all firms – including foreign ones – traded in an American stock exchange, and to bribery on American territory by foreign and American firms alike. It outlaws the payment of bribes to foreign officials, political parties, party officials, and political candidates in foreign countries. But they do fulfill a psychological need. If the defendant is judged to have a criminal lifestyle then it will be assumed that physical assets, such as properties and motor vehicles, have been acquired through the use of criminal funds and it will be necessary to present evidence to contradict this.

Technically and theoretically, assets can be impounded or forfeited and disposed of even in hitherto minor Federal civil offenses (mistakes in fulfilling Medicare or tax return forms)

Even worse, unlike in other criminal proceedings, the burden of proof is on the defendant who has to demonstrate that the source of the funds used to purchase the confiscated or forfeited assets is legal. Decision Altering (State Capture) Fees – Bribes and promises of bribes which alter decisions or affect them, or which affect the formation of policies, laws, regulations, or decrees beneficial to the bribing entity or person. In both jurisdictions, the fast track freezing of assets has proven to be a more than adequate measure to cope with organized crime and venality.

The south-eastern Europe Stability Pact sports its own Stability Pact Anti-corruption Initiative (SPAI). What to Do? What is Being Done?

According to a brief written by Jack Smith, Mark Pieth, and Guillermo Jorge at the Basel Institute on Governance, International Centre for Asset Recovery:

Tellingly only 35 countries signed the 1997 OECD “Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions” – including four non-OECD members: Chile, Argentina, Bulgaria, and Brazil. When the defendant fails to furnish such evidence conclusively and convincingly, or if he has left the United States or had died, the assets are sold at an auction and the proceeds usually revert to various law enforcement agencies, to the government’s budget, or to good social causes and programs. This often leads to the inclusion of sums from legitimate sources and double counting both of which need to be eliminated.”

In Bulgaria, the assets of tax evaders have recently begun to be confiscated and turned over to the National Revenue Agency and the State Receivables Collection Agency. The USA and the Netherlands hosted global forums on corruption – as did South Korea in 2003. They serve no purpose, either political or economic. The OSCE has responded with its own initiative, in collaboration with the US Congressional Helsinki Commission.

In most countries, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Austria, Germany, Indonesia, Macedonia, and Ireland, assets can be impounded, confiscated, frozen, forfeited, and even sold prior to and without any criminal conviction. Property is confiscated even when the tax assessment is disputed in the courts. These politicians and bureaucrats “let off steam” by looting.

Note – The Psychology of Corruption

When the process of asset confiscation or asset forfeiture is initiated, banking secrecy is automatically lifted and the government indemnifies the banks for any damage they may suffer for disclosing confidential information about their clients’ accounts. But there is no justification for the seizure and sale of property otherwise.

The most potent remedy against corruption is sunshine – free, accessible, and available information disseminated and probed by an active opposition, uncompromised press, and assertive civic organizations and NGO’s. Since 1997, it has introduced policies regarding misreporting, abuse of IMF funds, monitoring the use of debt relief for poverty reduction, data dissemination, legal and judicial reform, fiscal and monetary transparency, and even internal governance (e.g., financial disclosure by staff members).

In New-York City, the police confiscated a restaurant because one of its regular patrons was an alleged drug dealer. The Bank helps countries to fight corruption by providing them with technical assistance, educational programs, and lending.

It is widely accepted that corruption retards growth by deterring foreign investment and encouraging brain drain. Together with the EBRD, it publishes a corruption survey of 3000 firms in 22 transition countries (BEEPS – Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey). In the Netherlands bribery is tax deductible.

Moreover, The moral authority of those who preach against corruption in poor countries – the officials of the IMF, the World Bank, the EU, the OECD – is strained by their ostentatious lifestyle, conspicuous consumption, and “pragmatic” morality.

The abuse of asset confiscation and forfeiture statutes by governments, law enforcement agencies, and political appointees and cronies throughout the world is well-documented. Corruption, like other crimes, is probably seriously under-reported and under-penalized.

In 2002, just days before a much-awaited donor conference, the influential International Crisis Group (ICG) recommended to place all funds pledged to Macedonia under the oversight of a “corruption advisor” appointed by the European Commission. The Facts

By: Sam Vaknin

1.. This is already the practice in some jurisdictions such as the US, Ireland, the UK, Italy, Colombia, Slovenia, and South Africa, as well as some Australian and Canadian States.”

They are quoted by Radio Free Europe as saying:

“We are pursuing the assets of those involved in a wide range of crime including drug dealing, people trafficking, fraud, extortion, smuggling, control of prostitution, counterfeiting, benefit fraud, tax evasion and environmental crimes such as illegal dumping of waste and illegal fishing.” (!)

Drug dealing and illegal fishing in the same sentence. In the United States, according to The Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform Act of 2000 (HR 1658), the assets of suspects under investigation and of criminals convicted of a variety of more than 400 minor and major offenses (from soliciting a prostitute to gambling and from narcotics charges to corruption and tax evasion) are often confiscated and forfeited (“in personam, or value-based confiscation”). Reallocation Fees – Benefits paid (mainly to politicians and political decision makers) in order to affect the allocation of economic resources and material wealth or the rights thereto.

3.. In many cases the authorities will assume that all of the assets held by the defendant are illegally obtained as he has a “criminal lifestyle”. This is the case in many countries, including United Kingdom, United States, Germany, France, Hong Kong, Italy, Denmark, Belgium, Austria, Greece, Ireland, New Zealand, Singapore and Switzerland.

Corruption runs against the grain of meritocratic capitalism. They rob the state and coerce businessmen to grease their palms because it makes them feel better, it helps them to repress their mounting fears and frustrations, and to restore their psychodynamic equilibrium. Corruption can be defeated only from the inside, though with plenty of outside help. The Global Coalition for Africa adopted anti-corruption guidelines in 1999. The persecution of corrupt, high-profile, public figures, multinationals, and institutions (domestic and foreign). With them, it stands a chance.

This is why both governments and business show a growing commitment to tackling it. The cooperation of good people with trustworthy institutions is indispensable.

2.. In Alabama, police seized the home of a senior citizen because her yard was used, without her consent, for drug dealing.

Under the influence of the post-September 11 United States and the FATF (Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering), Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, Greece, South Korea, and Russia have similar asset recovery and money laundering laws in place. As electricity supply was intermittent at best, his was a curious choice. His defense team accuses the US authorities of “selective prosecution”.

6.. In many new countries (in Asia, Africa, and Eastern Europe) the very concepts of “private” versus “public” property are fuzzy and impermissible behaviors are not clearly demarcated. In Maryland, the police confiscated a family’s home and converted it into a retreat for its officers, having mailed one of the occupants a package of marijuana.

These inconceivable dollops of hard cash and valuables often remain stashed and untouched, moldering in bank accounts and safes in Western banks. According to Swiss authorities, more than $40 billion are held by Russians in its banking system alone.

Corruption is rife and all pervasive, though many allegations are nothing but political mud-slinging. Politics is a drab, uninspiring, unintelligent, and, often humiliating business. It depletes the affected country’s endowments – both natural and acquired. The figure rises to 40% in Asia and 60% in Russia.

Only offshore tax havens, such as Andorra, Antigua, Aruba, the British Virgin Islands, Guernsey, Monaco, the Netherlands Antilles, Samoa, St. Venality was an integral part of their psychological makeup.

The UNDP estimated, in 1997, that, even in rich, industrialized, countries, 15% of all firms had to pay bribes. Liberalization and deregulation of the economy.

4.. The Agency cannot, however, confiscate single-dwelling houses, bank accounts up to 250 leva of one member of the family, salary or pension up to 250 leva a month, social care, and alimony, support money or allowances. That the service, information, or goods that are provided or divulged are provided or divulged against a benefit or the promise of a benefit from the recipient and as a result of the receipt of this specific benefit or the promise to receive such benefit. In the absence of these, the fight against official avarice and criminality is doomed to failure. During closure of premises, the employer must continue to pay workers, thereby avoiding an appeal for constitutional protection.”

In a survey it conducted in February 2002 of 82 companies in which it invests, “Friends, Ivory, and Sime” found that only a quarter had clear anti-corruption management and accountability systems in place.

The IMF made corruption an integral part of its country evaluation process. The balances in their bulging bank accounts were of no practical import or intent. Others have swimming pools replete with wine bars.

At the request of member-governments (such as Bosnia-Herzegovina and Romania) it has prepared detailed country corruption surveys covering both the public and the private sectors. The institution of incentives to avoid corruption, such as a higher pay, the fostering of civic pride, “good behavior” bonuses, alternative income and pension plans, and so on.

II. Macedonia has belatedly passed an anti-money laundering law recently, but failed, yet again, to adopt strict anti-corruption legislation.

Anti-corruption projects are an integral part of every Country Assistance Strategy (CAS). Abolition of red tape, licensing, protectionism, capital controls, monopolies, discretionary, non-public, procurement. The police and customs are hopelessly compromised. If he or she can prove “substantial harm” to life and business, the property may be released to be used, though ownership is rarely restored.

3.. Convention against Corruption 2003- UNCAC) and European Union Directives (e.g., 2001/97/EC) allow the seizure and confiscation of the assets and “unexplained wealth” of criminals and suspects globally, even if their alleged or proven crime does not constitute an offense where they own property or have bank accounts. Massive investments in education of the public and of state officials are required.

Yet, no one seems to agree on a universal definition of corruption.

5.. More than 1200 delegates participated in the 10th International Anti-Corruption Conference in Prague last year.

The G-8 asked its Lyon Group of senior experts on transnational crime to recommend ways to fight corruption related to large money flows and money laundering.

Awareness to corruption and graft is growing – though it mostly results in lip service. This demonstrates that no one is above the law and that crime does not pay.

Elsewhere, there are some other worrying developments:

In his address to the Inter-American Development Bank on March 14, 2002 President Bush promised to “reward nations that root out corruption” within the framework of the Millennium Challenge Account initiative. Many of them believe that it is inevitable if one is to expedite matters or secure a beneficial outcome. Rich world governments turn a blind eye, even where laws against such practices are extant and strict.

Most politicians bend the laws of the land and steal money or solicit bribes because they need the funds to support networks of patronage. He was the editor of mental health and Central East Europe categories in The Open Directory and Suite101.

Visit Sam’s Web site at samvak.tripod.com

Kleptomaniacs fail to resist or control the impulse to steal, even if they have no use for the booty. It involves enormous stress and unceasing conflict.

4.. To appease the critics, the affable Attorney General of Macedonia charged a former Minister of Defense with abuse of duty for allegedly having channeled millions of DM to his relatives during the recent civil war. The UN is promoting its pet convention against corruption.

The British firm Bentley-Jennison, who provide Forensic Accounting Services, add:

The World Bank has appointed in 2001 a Director of Institutional Integrity – a new department that combines the Anti-Corruption and Fraud Investigations Unit and the Office of Business Ethics and Integrity. The donors ignored this and other recommendations. The provision of a service, information, or goods that, by law, and by right, should not have been provided or divulged. It demolishes the tenuous trust between citizen and state. If they fail to tackle the criminals in their neighborhood, the police can seize and sell their property, including their apartments and cars.

To eradicate corruption, one must tackle both giver and taker.

These politicos were not only crooks but also kleptomaniacs. Yet, one rarely comes across graft and venality in daily life.

There is also what the World Bank calls “State Capture” defined thus:

In Switzerland, financial institutions are obliged to automatically freeze suspect transactions for a period of five days, subject to the review of an investigative judge. The conditioning of international aid, credits, and investments on a monitored reduction in corruption levels. The figure may be 5 to 10 times higher in the tax havens of the United Kingdom.

” (P)re-judgment enforcement measures (to) include closure of premises for up to ten days and confiscation of merchandise. All rationales crumble in the face of a Mobutu Sese Seko or a Saddam Hussein or a Ferdinand Marcos who absconded with billions of US dollars from the coffers of Zaire, Iraq, and the Philippines, respectively. Britain has persecuted successfully only one of its officials for overseas bribery since 1889. Corruption is discussed freely and forgivingly in one place – but concealed shamefully in another. In France, the Financial Intelligence Unit can freeze funds involved in a reported suspicious transaction by administrative fiat. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV-TR (2000), the bible of psychiatry, kleptomaniacs feel “pleasure, gratification, or relief when committing the theft.” The good book proceeds to say that ” … The conference was attended by the Czech prime minister, the Mexican president, and the head of the Interpol.

Corruption can never be entirely eliminated – but it can be restrained and its effects confined.

“In some cases the defendants will even have their assets seized at the start of an investigation, before any charges have been considered. Transparency International now publishes a name and shame Bribery Payers Index to complement its 91-country strong Corruption Perceptions Index.


Erstwhile president of Sierra Leone, Momoh, amassed hundreds of video players and other consumer goods in vast rooms in his mansion. Hitler could have used it to ask the United Kingdom’s Assets Recovery Agency (ARA) to confiscate the property of refugee Jews who committed “crimes” by infringing on the infamous Nuremberg race laws.

. It is a compensatory act. There are no false detentions (as in Russia), spurious traffic tickets (as in Latin America), or widespread stealthy payments for public goods and services (as in Africa).

While Momoh relished things with shiny buttons, people like Sese Seko, Hussein, and Marcos drooled over money. A similar law has now been adopted by Britain.

This abrogation of the principle of dual criminality sometimes leads to serious violations of human and civil rights.

“Article 54(1)(c) of the UNCAC recommends that states parties establish non-criminal systems of confiscation, which have several advantages for recovery actions: the standard of evidence is lower (“preponderance of the evidence” rather than “beyond a reasonable doubt”); they are not subject to some of the more restrictive traditional safeguards of international cooperation such as the offense for which the defendant is accused has to be a crime in the receiving state (dual criminality); and it opens more formal avenues for negotiation and settlements. Greater access to information and a public debate intended to foster a “stakeholder society”.

Moreover, bribing officials is often the unstated policy of multinationals, foreign investors, and expatriates. Strengthening of institutions: the police, the customs, the courts, the government, its agencies, the tax authorities – under time limited foreign management and supervision.

“The actions of individuals, groups, or firms, both in the public and private sectors, to influence the formation of laws, regulations, decrees, and other government policies to their own advantage as a result of the illicit and non-transparent provision of private benefits to public officials.”

A few years ago, I proposed a taxonomy of corruption, venality, and graft. The Slovak daily “Sme” described in scathing detail the newly acquired wealth and lavish lifestyles of formerly impoverished HZDS politicians. But this only makes them more culpable and dangerous.

The presumption of innocence must fully apply and due process upheld to prevent self-enrichment and corrupt dealings with confiscated property, including the unethical and unseemly use of the proceeds from the sale of forfeited assets to close gaping holes in strained state and municipal budgets.

Kleptomania is about acting out. Information Altering Fees – Backhanders and bribes that subvert the flow of true and complete information within a society or an economic unit (for instance, by selling professional diplomas, certificates, or permits). Both institutions are increasingly concerned with poverty reduction through economic growth and development. That the withholding or the provision of said service, information, or goods are in the power of the withholder or the provider to withhold or to provide AND That the withholding or the provision of said service, information, or goods constitute an integral and substantial part of the authority or the function of the withholder or the provider. The proceeds from such sales accrue to the local municipality. It collaborates closely with Transparency International, for instance.

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Sam Vaknin ( samvak.tripod.com ) is the author of Malignant Self Love – Narcissism Revisited and After the Rain – How the West Lost the East as well as many other books and ebooks about topics in psychology, relationships, philosophy, economics, and international affairs.

He served as a columnist for Central Europe Review, Global Politician, PopMatters, eBookWeb , and Bellaonline, and as a United Press International (UPI) Senior Business Correspondent. It casts civil and government institutions in doubt, tarnishes the entire political class, and, thus, endangers the democratic system and the rule of law, property rights included.

2.. Graft amounts to an increase in the marginal tax rate and has pernicious effects on inward investment as well.

That the assets of suspects in grave crimes and corruption should be frozen or “disrupted” until they are convicted or exonerated by the courts – having exhausted their appeals – is understandable and in accordance with the Vienna Convention. What amounts to venality in one culture (Sweden) is considered no more than hospitality, or an expression of gratitude, in another (France, or Italy). The convention has been in force since February 1999 and is only one of many OECD anti-corruption drives, among which are SIGMA (Support for Improvement in Governance and Management in Central and Eastern European countries), ACN (Anti-Corruption Network for Transition Economies in Europe), and FATF (the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering).

1.. Pavel Borodin, the former chief of Kremlin Property, decided not appeal his money laundering conviction in a Swiss court. The World Bank estimates that corruption reduces the growth rate of an affected country by 0.5 to 1 percent annually.

Finally, in many states in the United States, “community responsibility” statutes require of owners of legal businesses to “abate crime” by openly fighting it themselves. Concessions, licenses, permits, assets privatized, tenders awarded are all subject to reallocation fees. That the service, information, or goods that are withheld are withheld because no benefit was provided or promised by the recipient. The Bank also supports international efforts to reduce corruption by sponsoring conferences and the exchange of information. The withholding of a service, information, or goods that, by law, and by right, should have been provided or divulged. Luckily, in countries like Macedonia, it is confined to its rapacious elites: its politicians, managers, university professors, medical doctors, judges, journalists, and top bureaucrats. It is then down to the defendant to prove otherwise. The USA has pioneered global anti-corruption campaigns and is a signatory to the 1996 IAS Inter-American Convention against Corruption, the Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption, and the OECD’s 1997 anti-bribery convention.

In Albania, the Chairman of the Albanian Socialist Party, Fatos Nano, was accused by Albanian media of laundering $1 billion through the Albanian government. They believe that corruption helps facilitate the flow and exchange of goods and services in hopelessly clogged and dysfunctional systems and markets (corruption and the informal economy “get things done” and “keep people employed”); that it serves as an organizing principle where chaos reins and institutions are in their early formative stages; that it supplements income and thus helps the state employ qualified and skilled personnel; and that it preserves peace and harmony by financing networks of cronyism, nepotism, and patronage.


5.. They merely catered to their psychopathology.

Many rich world corporations and wealthy individuals make use of off-shore havens or “special purpose entities” to launder money, make illicit payments, avoid or evade taxes, and conceal assets or liabilities. It skews the level playing-field; it imposes onerous and unpredictable transaction costs; it guarantees extra returns where none should have been had; it encourages the misallocation of economic resources; and it subverts the proper functioning of institutions. Some of them now reside in refurbished castles. government”.

Yet, “The Economist” reports that the American SEC has brought only three cases against listed companies until 1997. The USA has had a comprehensive “Foreign Corrupt Practices Act” since 1977.

Pavlo Lazarenko, a former Ukrainian prime minister, is detained in San Francisco on money laundering charges. This often gives rise to cases of double jeopardy.

In many countries from South Korea to Greece, lawyer-client privilege is largely waived. According to Transparency International’s “Global Corruption Report 2001″, corruption has been successfully contained in private banking and the diamond trade, for instance.

“The impetus for this prosecution comes from allegations made by the Kuchma regime, which itself is corrupt and dedicated to using undemocratic and repressive methods to stifle political opposition … (other Ukrainian officials) including Kuchma himself and his closest associates, have committed conduct similar to that with which Lazarenko is charged but have not been prosecuted by the U.S. The US Department of Justice brought another 30 cases. It is, in other words, without a single redeeming feature, a scourge.

Strangely, this is not how it is perceived by its perpetrators: both the givers and the recipients. These hoards are not the megalomaniacal equivalents of savings accounts. The same requirements of monitoring of clients’ activities and reporting to the authorities apply to credit and financial institutions, venture capital firms, tax advisers, accountants, and notaries.


5.. The ever-heightening mountains of greenbacks in their vaults soothed them, filled them with confidence, regulated their sense of self-worth, and served as a love substitute. Acceleration or Facilitation Fees – Corrupt practices whose sole outcome is to accelerate or facilitate decision making, the provision of goods and services or the divulging of information. It held its first conference in September 2001 in Croatia. It has even set up a multilingual hotline for whistleblowers.

I. Politicians with mental health disorders (for instance, narcissists or psychopaths) react by decompensation. It suspended arrangements with endemically corrupt recipients of IMF financing. It is also risky and rather arbitrary. Income Supplement – Corrupt actions whose sole outcome is the supplementing of the income of the provider without affecting the “real world” in any manner. It leads to the misallocation of economic resources and distorts competition. It is the real transition.

International treaties (for instance, the 1959 European Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters, the 1990 Convention of the Council of Europe on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime (ETS 141), and The U.N. It is a process of self-redemption and self-transformation. He used to sit among these relics of his cupidity, fondling and counting them insatiably.

Typically, the defendant is notified of the impending forfeiture or confiscation of his or her assets and has recourse to a hearing within the relevant law enforcement agency and also to the courts